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Optical and Quantum Electronics

, Volume 38, Issue 1–3, pp 97–110 | Cite as

The Design of Single Mode Large Cross-section Glass-based Waveguides for Photonic Integrated Circuits

  • Y. Zhang
  • T. M. Benson
  • P. Sewell
  • A. Vukovic
  • D. Zhang
  • W. J. Pan
  • A Loni
  • D. Furniss
  • A. B. Seddon
Article
  • 62 Downloads

Abstract

This paper presents our recent simulation results and novel designs of single mode large cross-section glass-based waveguides for photonic integrated circuits (PICs). Simulations were performed using an in-house Finite Difference (FD) based mode solver and the FD Beam propagation Method (FD-BPM). Our simulation results show that this innovative technology could provide a simplified means to couple optical energy efficiently between optical components in a single chip. This would provide the base for the future large-scale integration of optical components in PICs. The novel idea of using single mode large cross-section glass-based waveguides as an optical integration platform is an evolutionary innovative solution for the monolithic integration of optical components, in which the glass-based structures act both as waveguides and as an optical bench for integration. This allows easy and efficient optical coupling between optical components and optical fibres, removing costly and tedious alignment problems and considerably reducing optical coupling losses in PICs. We expect that the glass-based waveguide PICs technology will enable the emergence of a new generation of compact, reliable, high speed, and multifunctional devices.

Keywords

fibre on glass glass-based optical component glass-based waveguide hot embossing optical simulation photonic integrated circuits 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Zhang
    • 1
  • T. M. Benson
    • 1
  • P. Sewell
    • 1
  • A. Vukovic
    • 1
  • D. Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • W. J. Pan
    • 1
    • 2
  • A Loni
    • 1
  • D. Furniss
    • 2
  • A. B. Seddon
    • 2
  1. 1.George Green Institute for Electromagnetics ResearchUniversity of NottinghamNottinghamUK
  2. 2.Novel Photonic Glasses Group, Wolfson Centre for Materials ResearchUniversity of NottinghamNottinghamUK

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