Optical and Quantum Electronics

, Volume 37, Issue 10, pp 949–963 | Cite as

A Low-loss Electro-optic Waveguide Polymer Modulator and its Optimization Design

  • Zilong Liu
  • Daqing Zhu


Generally, the core is made up of EO materials in electro-optic waveguide polymer modulators and thus lightwave carrier is modulated in the core. In this case, the loss from chromophores is often large because the most of light power are confined to cores. In order to reduce the optical loss, we presented an approach that the lightwave was modulated only in claddings; that is to say, the EO polymer is only used in claddings and the core material is low-loss passive. Results indicate the propagation loss of this kind of modulator is about 1/3 of the former. Although the modal overlap integral between the microwave and the lightwave weakened under this condition, it could be improved by optimizing the dimension of waveguide. Due to the lower propagation loss, the interaction length of the modulator may be lengthened. Thus, the half-wave voltage can be decreased further. Also, some considerations on optimization design of this modulator are discussed. Especially, the effect of conductor loss and velocity mismatching should be taken into account in order to achieve the theoretical optimal half-wave voltage and the device bandwidth.


electro-optic effect modulator non-linear optics polymer waveguide optimization design 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Integrated Photonic Devices, Institute of Laser Technology & engineeringHuzhong University of Science & TechnologyWuhanChina

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