Dispersion Properties of Photonic Crystal Fiber: Comparison by Scalar and Fully Vectorial Effective Index Methods
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The development of analysis and simulation of propagation characteristics of photonic crystal fiber (PCF) using scalar and fully vectorial effective index methods are described. As a result, we report how the fundamental space filling mode, guided mode and dispersion of the PCF depends on its structural parameters like its normalized air hole spacing, center-to-center spacing of the air holes in the photonic crystal or pitch and radius of the unit cell. Normalized frequency parameter Veff as a function of normalized wavelength for various relative air hole sizes is obtained to estimate the dispersion characteristics of PCF. It is observed that wavelength of zero dispersion, ultraflattened dispersion response and high negative dispersion remarkably differ from two different effective index methods.
Keywordsdispersion fully vectorial effective index method (FVEIM) photonic crystal Fibers (PCF) scalar effective index method (SEIM) space filling modes (SFM) zero dispersion wavelength (ZDW)
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