Spin-Orbit Entanglement in Time Evolution of Radial Wave Packets in Hydrogenic Systems
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Time evolution of radial wave packets built from the eigenstates of Dirac equation for a hydrogenic system is considered. Radial wave packets are constructed from the states of different n quantum numbers and the same lowest angular momentum. In general they exhibit a kind of breathing motion with dispersion and (partial) revivals. Calculations show that for some particular preparations of the wave packet one can observe interesting effects in spin motion, coming from inherent entanglement of spin and orbital degrees of freedom. These effects manifest themselves through some oscillations in the mean values of spin operators and through changes of spatial probability density carried by upper and lower components of the wave function. It is also shown that the characteristic time scale of predicted effects (called Tls) is much smaller for radial wave packets than in other cases, reaching values comparable to (or even less than) the time scale for the wave packet revival.
KeywordsWave Function Angular Momentum Time Evolution Quantum Number Characteristic Time
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