Intra-Industry Trade Revisited: A Note
This short note revisits the relative importance of intra- and inter-industry trade by using the Grubel-Lloyd formula as a measure of intra-industry trade to the country’s manufacturing trade (sections 5–8 of the SITC) where each industry is the four digit classification. Measures for a country’s total trade, as well as its bilateral trade with specific countries are utilized. The results demonstrate that intra-industry trade dominates trade among the OECD countries, while inter-industry trade dominates North-South and South-South trade.
KeywordsGrubel-Lloyd Intra-industry Inter-industry Trade OECD BRIC
The authors are grateful to Nakarin Amarase for research assistance.