Nonlinear Dynamics

, Volume 47, Issue 1–3, pp 25–47 | Cite as

Nonlinear normal modes in multi-mode models of an inertially coupled elastic structure

  • Fengxia Wang
  • Anil K. Bajaj
Original Article


Nonlinear normal modes for elastic structures have been studied extensively in the literature. Most studies have been limited to small nonlinear motions and to structures with geometric nonlinearities. This work investigates the nonlinear normal modes in elastic structures that contain essential inertial nonlinearities. For such structures, based on the works of Crespo da Silva and Meirovitch, a general methodology is developed for obtaining multi-degree-of-freedom discretized models for structures in planar motion. The motion of each substructure is represented by a finite number of substructure admissible functions in a way that the geometric compatibility conditions are automatically assured. The multi degree-of-freedom reduced-order models capture the essential dynamics of the system and also retain explicit dependence on important physical parameters such that parametric studies can be conducted. The specific structure considered is a 3-beam elastic structure with a tip mass. Internal resonance conditions between different linear modes of the structure are identified. For the case of 1:2 internal resonance between two global modes of the structure, a two-mode nonlinear model is then developed and nonlinear normal modes for the structure are studied by the method of multiple time scales as well as by a numerical shooting technique. Bifurcations in the nonlinear normal modes are shown to arise as a function of the internal mistuning that represents variations in the tip mass in the structure. The results of the two techniques are also compared.


Nonlinear elastic structures Inertial nonlinearities Internal resonance Substructure synthesis Method of multiple scales Bifurcations in normal modes 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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