Coal mining seriously damages the ecological environment of coal mining area, one of which is the aggravation of hydrological drought risk. To reveal the impact of coal mining on hydrological drought risk, we study the Kuye river basin, a tributary of the Yellow River in China, which has monthly precipitation data from 1950 to 2005 and monthly runoff data from 1954 to 2005. Firstly, the variation point diagnosis method based on information entropy was used to classify the annual runoff change, and then, the Copula coupling function was used to measure the hydrological and drought risks before and after coal mining and then to analyze the impact of coal mining on the hydrological and drought risks of Kuye river basin. The results show that 1980 is the detected variation point, according to which two stages before (1954–1979) and after (1980–2005) coal mining influence can be divided, in which a total of 28 drought events occurred in the former stage, and 31 drought events occurred in the latter stage. The maximum drought severity in the recurrence period of high-risk 100a has increased from 36.5 mm in the natural stage to 145.1 mm in the former human activities stage, and the maximum drought duration has increased from 10.5 months in the latter natural stage to 42.3 months in the human activities stage. Meanwhile, the maximum drought severity in the recurrence period of low-risk 5a increased from 10.2 to 24.8 mm, and the maximum drought duration increased from 3.7 to 10.1 months. The influence of coal mining on the extreme hydrological drought risk in Kuye river basin is significantly greater than that of ordinary hydrological drought risk. The results of hydrological drought risk comparison before and after coal mining can be used to guide the formulation of local coal mining and drought prevention policies and promote the sustainable development of regional economy.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Al-Faraj FAM, Scholz M (2014) Assessment of temporal hydrologic anomalies coupled with drought impact for a trans-boundary river flow regime: the Diyala watershed case study. J Hydrol 517:64–73
Bao ZX, Zhang JY, Wang GQ (2012) Attribution for decreasing stream flow of the Haihe River basin, northern China: climate variability or human activities? J Hydrol 460–461:117–129
Fleig AK, Tallaksen LM, Hisdal H, Demuth S (2006) A global evaluation of streamflow drought characteristics. Hydrol Earth Syst Sc 10:535–552
Guo QL, Yang Y, Xiong X (2016) Using hydrologic simulation to identify contributions of climate change and human activity to runoff changes in the Kuye river basin, China. Environ Earth Sci 75:417–426
Information Center of Ministry of Water Resources (2000) Standard for hydrological information and hydrological forecasting, SL250-2000. China Waterpower Press, Beijing (in Chinese)
Jiang XH, Gu XW, He HM (2010) The influence of coal mining on water resources in the Kuye river basin. J Nat Resour 25:300–307
Mishra AK, Singh VP (2010) A review of drought concepts. J Hydrol 391:202–216
Qiao W, Li W, Li T, Chang J, Wang Q (2016) Effects of coal mining on shallow water resources in semiarid regions: a case study in the Shennan mining area, Shaanxi, China. Mine Water Environ 36:1–10
Shannon CE (1948) A mathematical theory of communication. Bell Syst Tech J 27:379–656
Shiau JT (2003) Return period of bivariate distributed hydrological events. Stoch Environ Res Risk A 17:42–57
Shiau JT (2006) Fitting drought duration and severity with two-dimensional copulas. Water Resour Manag 20:795–815
Si H, Bi H, Li X, Yang C (2010) Environmental evaluation for sustainable development of coal mining in Qijiang, western China. Int J Coal Geol 81:163–168
Sidle RC, Kamil I, Sharma A (2000) Stream response to subsidence from underground coal mining in central Utah. Environ Geol 39:279–291
Song SB, Singh VP (2010) Meta-elliptical copulas for drought frequency analysis of periodic hydrologic data. Stoch Environ Res Risk A 24:425–444
Tiwary RK (2001) Environmental impact of coal mining on water regime and its management. Water Air Soil Poll 132:185–199
Wanders N, Wada Y (2015) Human and climate impacts on the 21st century hydrological drought. J Hydrol 526:208–220
Wang ZZ, Zhang LL, Ding XL, Mi ZF (2019b) Virtual water flow pattern of grain trade and its benefits in China. J Clean Prod 223:445–455
Wang GQ, Zhang JY, Jin JL, Weinberg J, Bao ZX, Liu CS (2017) Impacts of climate change on water resources in the Yellow River basin and identification of global adaptation strategies. Mitig Adapt Strat Gl 22:67–83
Wang ZZ, Zhang LL, Zhang Q, Wei YM, Wang JW, Ding XL, Mi ZF (2019a) Optimization of virtual water flow via grain trade within China. Ecol Indic 97:25–34
Yan CD, Dai HJ, Guo W (2017) Evaluation of ecological environmental quality in a coal mining area by modeling approach. Sustainability 9:1265
Zhang R, Chen X, Zhang Z (2015) Evolution of hydrological drought under the regulation of two reservoirs in the headwater basin of the Huaihe river, China. Stoch Env Res Risk A 29:487–499
Zhang L, Singh VP (2007) Bivariate rainfall frequency distributions using Archimedean Copulas. J Hydrol 332:93–109
Zhang M, Wang JP, Zhou RJ (2019) Entropy value-based pursuit projection cluster for the teaching quality evaluation with interval number. Entropy 21:203
Zhang Q, Xiao MZ, Singh VP (2013) Copula-based risk evaluation of hydrological droughts in the East River basin China. Stoch Environ Res Risk A 27:1397–1406
Zhang M, Zhou JH, Zhou RJ (2018) Evaluating sustainability of regional water resources based on improved generalized entropy method. Entropy 20:715
Zhou RJ, Wang YB, Zhang M, Yu PX, Li JY (2019) Adsorptive removal of phosphate from aqueous solutions by thermally modified copper tailings. Environ Monit Assess 191:198–210
Zhou YL, Yuan XC, Jin JL, Li JQ, Song SB (2011) Regional hydrological drought frequency based on Copulas. Scientia Geographica Sinica 31:1383–1388
Zipper C, Balfour W, Roth R (1997) Domestic water supply impacts by underground coal mining in Virginia, USA. Environ Geol 29:84–93
The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for all their valuable comments to improve the original version of this paper.
The authors would like to thank the support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 51579059, 51409001, the Key Research and Development Program of Shandong Province under Grant No. 2017GSF20101 and the Natural Science Foundation of Anhui Province under Grant No. 2008085ME159.
Conflicts of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Zhang, M., Wang, J. & Zhou, R. Sustainable effect of coal mining on hydrological drought risk: a case study on Kuye river basin, China. Nat Hazards (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-020-04110-9
- Coal mining
- Hydrological drought
- Copulas functions
- Change point diagnosis