Natural Hazards

, Volume 92, Issue 3, pp 1937–1953 | Cite as

Investigation into geohazards during urbanization process of Xi’an, China

  • Zhi-Feng Wang
  • Wen-Chieh Cheng
  • Ya-Qiong Wang
Review Article


Xi’an is the political, cultural and economic center in Northwestern China, and the demands for urbanization are growing dramatically in the past decades. During the rapid urbanization in Xi’an, ground fissure and land subsidence have been regarded as the two striking geohazards. At present, a total of fourteen ground fissures have been detected in Xi’an, among which eight ground fissures have a high level of activity, while the other six ground fissures are of lowly active. Several land subsidence funnels appear in different regions of Xi’an, and the annual land subsidence shows a decreasing tendency after 1991, which is estimated to be around 40 mm/year in recent years. The reasons triggering geohazards can be divided as: (1) natural factors and (2) anthropogenic factors. Analysis of the countermeasures against the prevention and mitigation of geohazards indicates that public awareness is an important issue to a success of the geoenvironment protection. In addition, the existing monitoring technologies (GPS, InSAR, and GIS) together with the technical improvement in other fields are deemed to be necessary for an effective monitoring and mitigation of the geohazards.


Geohazards Urbanization Ground fissure Land subsidence 



The research described in this study was funded by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (Grant No. 41702287), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 300102218517), and the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFC0805300). These financial supports are gratefully acknowledged.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geotechnical and Tunnelling Engineering, School of HighwayChang’an UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Institute of Tunnel and Underground Structure Engineering, School of Civil EngineeringXi’an University of Architecture and TechnologyXi’anChina

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