Natural Hazards

, Volume 86, Issue 3, pp 1039–1058 | Cite as

Basinwide disaster loss assessments under extreme climate scenarios: a case study of the Kaoping River basin

  • Hsin-Chi Li
  • Tingyeh Wu
  • Hsiao-Ping Wei
  • Hung-Ju Shih
  • Yi-Chiung Chao
Original Paper
  • 146 Downloads

Abstract

This study examined the Kaoping River basin, Taiwan, an area severely destroyed by Typhoon Morakot in 2009. Dynamically downscaled data were applied to simulate extreme typhoon precipitation events for facilitating future preparation efforts (2075–2099) under climate change conditions. Models were used to simulate possible impacts in upstream and downstream areas for basinwide disaster loss assessment purposes. The Transient Rainfall Infiltration and Grid-Based Regional Slope-Stability and FLO-2D models were applied to simulate slope-land disaster impacts and sediment volume in the upstream area. The sediment delivery ratio was used to calculate the valid sediment amount delivered downstream and the riverbed uplift altitude. SOBEK was used to build a flood impact model for the Kaoping River basin, and the model was used to simulate potential flooding caused by future extreme typhoon events. The Taiwan Typhoon Loss Assessment System established by the National Science and Technology Center for Disaster Reduction was used to evaluate the potential loss associated with extreme events. The property loss calculation included 32 land-use categories, including agriculture, forestry, fishery, and animal husbandry losses; industrial and commercial service losses; public building losses; and traffic and hydraulic facility losses. One of the Kaoping River basin townships, Daliao District, had the highest flood depth increase ratio (12.6%), and the losses were 1.5 times the original situation. This was much worse than were the losses suffered during Typhoon Morakot. These results also show that sediment delivered from the upstream areas had a significant influence on the downstream areas. This is a critical issue for future flood mitigation under climate change conditions.

Keywords

Extreme climate TRIGRS FLO-2D SOBEK TLAS Loss assessment 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors extend their deep appreciation to Dr. Akio Kitoh of the Japan Meteorological Research Institute for the provision of MRI data and to the anonymous reviewer for their helpful comments. This project was funded by the Taiwan National Science Council (MOST 103-2621-M-865-001).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Science and Technology Center for Disaster ReductionNew Taipei CityTaiwan, People’s Republic of China

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