Climate extremes: an observation and projection of its impacts on food production in ASEAN
Climate change alters global food systems, especially agriculture and fisheries—significant aspects of the livelihoods and food security of populations. The 2014 IPCC Fifth Assessment Report identified Southeast Asia as the most vulnerable coastal region in the world, and highlighted the potential distribution of impacts and risks of climate change in the region. While climate hazards may differ across geographical regions, the impact of climate extremes on food production will affect marginal farmers, fishers and poor urban consumers disproportionately, as they have limited capacities to adapt to and recover from extreme weather events. Governments and other stakeholders need to respond to climate extremes and incorporate adaptation into national development plans. Unfortunately, there is still limited peer-review publication on the subject matter. This paper presents some findings from research on observed and projected loss and damage inflicted by climate extremes on agricultural crops in Southeast Asia.
KeywordsAgricultural vulnerability Climate adaptation Climate extremes Food security Loss and damage
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors have no conflict of interest in the writing of this article. This paper is based on a long-term research from Jonatan A. Lassa and Goh Tian at the RSIS NTU Singapore.
For the case of Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam as well as ASEAN, all the data are public data published by either the respective governments or international organizations such as Food and Agriculture Organization, AFSIS and other secondary sources. The present draft is based on Lassa (2012) and Caballero-Anthony et al. (2015). The paper, Teng et al. is drafted under the coordination and technical lead by Goh Tian and Jonatan A. Lassa. Some of the data in this draft are derived and modified from both Lassa (2012) and Caballero-Anthony et al. (2015).
Human and animal rights
This study does not involve human participants and/or animals.
- Amien I et al (1996) Effects of interannual climate variability and climate change on rice yield in Java, Indonesia. Water Air Soil Pollut 92:29–39Google Scholar
- Arunrat N, Pumijumnong N (2015) The preliminary study of climate change impact on rice production and economic in Thailand. Asian Soc Sci 11(1):275–294Google Scholar
- Bassino JP (2006) Rice cultivation in Southern Vietnam (1880–1954): a re-evaluation of land productivity in Asian perspective. Econ Rev 73(4):3–38Google Scholar
- Caballero-Anthony M, Teng P, Goh T, Shrestha M, Lassa J (2015) Framing the ASEAN socio-cultural community (ASCC) post 2015 linking climate change adaptation and food security in ASEAN. ASEAN-ERIA. http://environment.asean.org/download/eria-files/eria-resilient/2b%20Linking%20Climate%20Change%20Adaptation%20and%20Food%20Security%20in%20ASEAN_Dr%20Mely%20and%20Dr%20Teng.docx
- Dasgupta S, Laplante B, Murray S, Wheeler D (2009) Sea-level rise and storm surges: a comparative analysis of impacts in developing countries. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 4901Google Scholar
- FAO, WFP, IFAD (2014) State of Food Insecurity 2014 Report. Joint Report from FAO, WFP and IFADGoogle Scholar
- Kawasaki J, Herath S (2011) Impact assessment of climate change on rice production in Khon Kane province, Thailand. J ISSAAS 17(2):14–28Google Scholar
- Kuneepong P, Kongton S, Wangwachrakul V, Sumdin S (2001) Modelling economic crop yield and climate change in Thailand. In: ModSim 1. International Congress on Modelling and Simulation. 10–13 Dec 2001. Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand, Canberra, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
- Lam MY (1993) A review of food research in Vietnam, with emphasis on postharvest losses. AOAR Technical Reports no. 26Google Scholar
- Lassa JA (2012) Emerging ‘agricultural involution’ in Indonesia: impact of natural hazards and climate extremes on agricultural crops and food system. In: Sawada Y, Oum S (eds) Economic and welfare impacts of disasters in East Asia and policy responses. ERIA research project report 2011-8, ERIA, Jakarta, pp 595–634Google Scholar
- Naylor RL, Mastrandrea MB (2010) Coping with climate risks in Indonesian rice agriculture: a policy perspective. In: Filar JA, Haurie A (eds) Uncertainty and environmental decision making–international series in operations research & management science, vol 138. Springer, US, pp 127–238Google Scholar
- Snivdongs A (2006) Vulnerability to climate change related water resource changes and extreme hydrological events in Southeast Asia. Final report submitted to Assessments of impacts and adaptation to climate change, Project No. AS 07. The International START Secretariat. Washington DC, USAGoogle Scholar
- Teng P, Caballero-Anthony M, Tian G, Shrestha M, Lassa J (2015) Climate change impact on rice and fisheries production in Southeast Asia. Research report to ERIA—input paper for post 2015 ASEAN Social and Cultural CommunitiesGoogle Scholar
- UNFCCC (2012) Approaches to address loss and damage associated with climate change impacts in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change to enhance adaptive capacity. http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2012/cop18/eng/08a01.pdf
- UNFCCC (2013) Warsaw international mechanism for loss and damage associated with climate change impacts. http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2013/cop19/eng/10a01.pdf
- USDA (2008) Burma: widespread cyclone damage in major rice production regions. http://www.pecad.fas.usda.gov/highlights/2008/05/burma_cyclone_nargis_rice_impact.htm, accessed on 18 February 2015
- World Bank (2010) Economics of adaptation to climate change. Vietnam. The World Bank Group, Washington, DC, 84 ppGoogle Scholar