Natural Hazards

, Volume 84, Supplement 1, pp 19–33 | Cite as

Climate extremes: an observation and projection of its impacts on food production in ASEAN

  • Jonatan A. Lassa
  • Allen Yu-Hung Lai
  • Tian Goh
Original Paper


Climate change alters global food systems, especially agriculture and fisheries—significant aspects of the livelihoods and food security of populations. The 2014 IPCC Fifth Assessment Report identified Southeast Asia as the most vulnerable coastal region in the world, and highlighted the potential distribution of impacts and risks of climate change in the region. While climate hazards may differ across geographical regions, the impact of climate extremes on food production will affect marginal farmers, fishers and poor urban consumers disproportionately, as they have limited capacities to adapt to and recover from extreme weather events. Governments and other stakeholders need to respond to climate extremes and incorporate adaptation into national development plans. Unfortunately, there is still limited peer-review publication on the subject matter. This paper presents some findings from research on observed and projected loss and damage inflicted by climate extremes on agricultural crops in Southeast Asia.


Agricultural vulnerability Climate adaptation Climate extremes Food security Loss and damage 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflict of interest in the writing of this article. This paper is based on a long-term research from Jonatan A. Lassa and Goh Tian at the RSIS NTU Singapore.

Ethical standard

For the case of Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam as well as ASEAN, all the data are public data published by either the respective governments or international organizations such as Food and Agriculture Organization, AFSIS and other secondary sources. The present draft is based on Lassa (2012) and Caballero-Anthony et al. (2015). The paper, Teng et al. is drafted under the coordination and technical lead by Goh Tian and Jonatan A. Lassa. Some of the data in this draft are derived and modified from both Lassa (2012) and Caballero-Anthony et al. (2015).

Human and animal rights

This study does not involve human participants and/or animals.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonatan A. Lassa
    • 1
  • Allen Yu-Hung Lai
    • 2
  • Tian Goh
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Non-Traditional Security Studies, S. Rajaratnam School of International StudiesNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Institute of Health Economics and ManagementESSEC Business SchoolSingaporeSingapore

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