Advertisement

Natural Hazards

, Volume 79, Issue 2, pp 1199–1217 | Cite as

Land subsidence caused by the interaction of high-rise buildings in soft soil areas

  • Zhen-Dong Cui
  • Jia-Qiang Yang
  • Li Yuan
Original Article

Abstract

With the development of economy and the lack of land resource, many high-rise buildings have been constructed in big cities, which result in land subsidence in the soft soil areas, such as Shanghai and Tianjin in China. In this paper, the land subsidence caused by high-rise buildings was studied by centrifuge model tests and numerical simulations. The silty clay of layer No. 4 experiences the maximum subsidence. The central area of the building group has larger subsidence, and the subsidence superimposition effect is obvious. It can exceed the allowance and cause land subsidence hazard. Plastic deformation will occur in soil, causing the larger land subsidence when the load is large enough. The land subsidence caused by high-rise buildings with different distances was also studied. The building distance is smaller, the subsidence superimposition effect is more obvious, especially for the central area of buildings. It is feasible to increase the distance of buildings to prevent excessive land subsidence. The results from the 3D numerical simulations match well with those of the centrifuge model tests which can be used to analyze and predict the land subsidence of high-rise buildings.

Keywords

Land subsidence High-rise building Stress superposition Centrifuge model test Numerical simulation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work presented in this paper was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51208503), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China (Grant No. BK2012133) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2013QNA44).

References

  1. Abdoun T, Dobry R, O’Rourke TD et al (2003) Pile response to lateral spreads: centrifuge modeling. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 129(1):869–878CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chai JC, Shen SL, Zhu HH, Zhang XL (2004) Land subsidence due to groundwater drawdown in Shanghai. Geotechnique 54(3):143–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chai JC, Shen SL, Zhu HH, Zhang XL (2005) 1D analysis of land subsidence in Shanghai. Lowland Technol Int 7(1):33–41Google Scholar
  4. Cui ZD (2008) Study of land subsidence caused by the dense high-rise building group in the soft soil area (in Chinese). Tongji University, ShanghaiGoogle Scholar
  5. Cui ZD, Tang YQ (2010) Land subsidence and pore structure of soils caused by the high-rise building group through centrifuge model test. Eng Geol 113:44–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cui ZD, Tang YQ, Yan XX (2010a) Centrifuge modeling of land subsidence caused by the high-rise building group in the soft soil area. Environ Earth Sci 59(8):1819–1826CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cui ZD, Tang YQ, Yan XX, Yan CL, Wang HM, Wang JX (2010b) Evaluation of the geology-environmental capacity of buildings based on the ANFIS model of the floor area ratio. Bull Eng Geol Environ 69:111–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Li QF, Fang Z, Wang HM (2000) A mathematical model and forecast of groundwater workable reserves for Shanghai (in Chinese). Shanghai Geol 23(2):36–43Google Scholar
  9. Powrie W, Daly MP (2007) Centrifuge modeling of embedded retaining walls with stabilising bases. Geotechnique 57(6):485–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Shearer TR (1998) A numerical model to calculate land subsidence, applied at Hangu in China. Eng Geol 49(2):85–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Shen GP, Wang L (2003) Research on the relation between city construction and land subsidence in Shanghai (in Chinese). City Plann J 6:91–94Google Scholar
  12. Tang YQ, Cui ZD, Wang JX, Lu C, Yan XX (2008) Model test study of land subsidence caused by the high-rise building group. Bull Eng Geol Environ 67(2):173–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Yan XX, Gong SL (2002) Relationship between building density and land subsidence in Shanghai urban zone (in Chinese). Hydrogeol Eng Geol 29(6):21–25Google Scholar
  14. Yang TL, Wang HM, Jiao X (2014) Land subsidence zoning control in Shanghai (in Chinese). Shanghai Land Res 04:105–109Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, School of Mechanics and Civil EngineeringChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations