Natural Hazards

, Volume 79, Issue 2, pp 1399–1408 | Cite as

Analysis of the mechanism of seabed liquefaction induced by waves and related seabed protection

  • Yu Huang
  • Yangjuan Bao
  • Min Zhang
  • Chun Liu
  • Ping Lu
Review Article


As one of the most serious offshore hazards, wave-induced seabed liquefaction can trigger massive landslides on the ocean floor and pose a great threat to submarine structures (e.g., coastal levees, oil platforms, drilling platforms and seabed pipelines). In view of the complexity and practicability of the problem, this study systematically analyzes the mechanism, factors and remedial measures of liquefaction. Compared with seismic liquefaction, waved-induced liquefaction varies in many respects, such as the load pattern, loading position, drainage condition and characteristics of pore water pressure, resulting in different mechanisms of seabed liquefaction under the action of waves. Both wave characteristics and soil characteristics, including the wave period, water depth, wave height, degree of saturation, seabed thickness, permeability and stress history, affect the degree of seabed liquefaction. Moreover, to ensure the sustainable development of the ocean, a series of remedial measures against liquefaction, including evaluation of the liquefaction potential, management of disaster prevention, ocean monitoring and forecasting, are proposed.


Seabed liquefaction Action of waves Mechanism Factors of liquefaction Remedial measures against liquefaction 



This work was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Tongji University), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41372355) and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2014M551453).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu Huang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yangjuan Bao
    • 1
  • Min Zhang
    • 1
  • Chun Liu
    • 3
  • Ping Lu
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Geotechnical Engineering, College of Civil EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Geotechnical and Underground Engineering of the Ministry of EducationTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.College of Surveying and Geo-InformaticsTongji UniversityShanghaiChina

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