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Natural Hazards

, Volume 73, Issue 2, pp 727–741 | Cite as

Overexploitation status of groundwater and induced geological hazards in China

  • F. Huang
  • G. H. Wang
  • Y. Y. Yang
  • C. B. Wang
Original Paper

Abstract

During the process of urbanization and industrialization, groundwater has been extensively overexploited, with the direct result of continuously decreasing groundwater level, followed by the appearance of large scale of depression cones, which is furthermore followed by land subsidence, seawater intrusion, and increasing difficulties in subsequent groundwater exploitation. This paper makes an analysis on the geological disasters caused by overexploitation of groundwater. The consumption and overexploitation status of groundwater in representative regions in China is discussed first, with the distribution and development of depression cones elaborated the next. And the problems of land subsidence, seawater intrusion, and increasing difficulties caused by overexploitation of groundwater are analyzed at last. Results show that overexploitation of groundwater is positively related to economic development. Moreover, geological disasters such as land subsidence and seawater intrusion caused by long term of overexploitation also aggregate, posing threats, and losses to people’s lives and production. According to the analysis, the fundamental resolution for overexploitation of groundwater as well as consequential geological damages is to properly control city size and to utilize groundwater rationally and efficiently.

Keywords

Groundwater Overexploitation Disaster Land subsidence Seawater intrusion 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Huang
    • 1
  • G. H. Wang
    • 1
  • Y. Y. Yang
    • 1
  • C. B. Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Engineering and TechnologyChina University of GeosciencesBeijingChina

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