Natural Hazards

, Volume 72, Issue 2, pp 337–359 | Cite as

Farmers’ adaptive practices for drought risk reduction in the northwest region of Bangladesh

  • Umma Habiba
  • Rajib Shaw
  • Yukiko Takeuchi
Original Paper


Being an agrarian region, the northwest part of Bangladesh frequently experiences recurrent droughts over the last decade. To cope with this insidious disaster, the farmers in this region practice various adaptation measures through their own efforts with institutional support. But these efforts and support are not sufficient for farmers to survive droughts. In this light, this study assesses the adaptive capacity of farmers along with institutions to develop suitable drought adaptation policy in the context of this region. The drought adaptive practices developed in this study are mainly adopted from the unique approach called socioeconomic, institutional and physical. Results reveal that establishment of mango orchard, vegetable gardening and community health care service would be helpful in enhancing drought resilience at community level. Moreover, an important policy message from this study suggests that validation of these practices through government offices, research institutes and other relevant organizations can help to develop an appropriate drought adaptation policy for this region. Similarly, by performing these practices from national to local level, farmers as well as communities in this region will be able to effectively sustain their livelihoods against droughts.


Drought Adaptive practice SIP approach Farmer Northwest Bangladesh 



The financial support provided by GCOE-ARS program of Kyoto University is highly acknowledged. The first author specially thanks the Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies for her research at Kyoto University, Japan, supported through teaching and research assistantships. The authors thank the farmers in northwestern Bangladesh who selflessly gave their time to answer questions and provide useful comments and suggestions and also to the Department of Agriculture Extension of the Ministry of Agriculture in Bangladesh for their extensive support during the survey period.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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