Natural Hazards

, Volume 69, Issue 3, pp 1647–1660 | Cite as

Real-time landslide monitoring of Pubugou hydropower resettlement zone using continuous GPS

  • Ruya Xiao
  • Xiufeng He
Original Paper


The rapid growth of hydropower in China raises concerns about the related resettlement issues. In order to obtain the real-time surface displacement data of the potential landslides, a continuous GPS observation network is established in new Hanyuan County where more than 100,000 people are resettled due to the Pubugou hydropower engineering in southwest China. GPS multi-antenna switch devices are used to reduce the hardware investment, and the results show that the RMSs of the two horizontal components are 2 and <4 mm for the vertical component. This level of accuracy is comparable to the conventional “one antenna with one receiver” GPS observation mode. The comparison between the displacements evaluated by GPS monitoring method and digital inclinometer shows consistency, and this indicates that GPS could be a reliable complement to traditional ground movement monitoring methods. No catastrophic landslide failures happened since the resettlement was completed. We captured a remarkable movement in August 2011, and this proves that the continuous GPS monitoring system could be used to detect early indications of rapid displacement and for disaster warning.


Resettlement zone Landslide Real-time monitoring GPS multi-antenna Digital inclinometer 



This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41274017, 41204002, 40974001 and 50579013), the Key Technology R&D Program of Jiangsu Province (Grant No. BE2010316), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 2010B14714) and Jiangsu Graduate Student Research Innovative Projects (Grant No. CXZZ11_0451). Ms ZHU Jialu’s help in polishing the language is highly appreciated; meanwhile, the authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments that helped in improving the quality of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Satellite Navigation and Spatial Information SystemHohai UniversityNanjingChina

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