Natural Hazards

, Volume 62, Issue 1, pp 57–70 | Cite as

The impacting factors of vulnerability to natural hazards in China: an analysis based on structural equation model

  • Le–Le Zou
Original Paper


The vulnerability to natural hazard is one of the inner characteristics of social economic system, which is determined and impacted by various factors from almost all the aspects of the system. Although it is widely agreed that the economic development, the migration, and the equity of resource allocation are among the most important impacting factors in forming and developing of the vulnerability, their interrelationship is still unclear enough. The study in this paper employs the method of structural equation model to discover the interrelationship between different latent impacting factors, as well as their contributions to the vulnerability of the system to natural hazards. It is found that, among the factors relating social and economic development, the equity of income allocation is a key point. Also the impacts from industrialization are different for different development levels. The conclusions are expected to be helpful references for the decision consideration of the local development strategies.


Vulnerability Impacting factors Structural equation model Development Industrialization level 



The Financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) under the grant Nos. 40971276, and the National Key Projects from the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (grants 2008BAC44B04), is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Policy and Management, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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