Natural Hazards

, Volume 61, Issue 2, pp 387–401 | Cite as

Damage characteristics and influence factors of mountain tunnels under strong earthquakes

  • Zhiyi Chen
  • Cheng Shi
  • Tianbin Li
  • Yong Yuan
Original Paper


A total of 81 mountain tunnels that were damaged in 10 strong earthquakes are studied. They are classified into six typical damage characteristics: lining cracks, shear failure of lining, tunnel collapse caused by slope failure, portal cracking, leaking, and deformation of sidewall/invert damage. Further study and discussion are carried out on influencing factors for mountain tunnels, including seismic parameters, structural information, and rock conditions. Suggestions are also made regarding seismic resistance and reduction.


Mountain tunnel Seismic damage characteristic Influencing factor Failure mechanism Seismic resistance 



This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 50908169), State Key Laboratory of Geo-Hazard Prevention and Geo-Environment Protection (Grant No. SKLGP2011K009), Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University (PCSIRT, IRT1029), and the Kwang-Hua Fund for College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University. All supports are gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Geotechnical and Underground Engineering of the Ministry of EducationTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Geo-Hazard Prevention and Geo-Environment ProtectionChengdu University of TechnologyChengduChina

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