Natural Hazards

, Volume 53, Issue 3, pp 547–560 | Cite as

Probabilistic evaluation of seismic soil liquefaction potential based on SPT data

  • K. S. Vipin
  • T. G. Sitharam
  • P. Anbazhagan


The performance-based liquefaction potential analysis was carried out in the present study to estimate the liquefaction return period for Bangalore, India, through a probabilistic approach. In this approach, the entire range of peak ground acceleration (PGA) and earthquake magnitudes was used in the evaluation of liquefaction return period. The seismic hazard analysis for the study area was done using probabilistic approach to evaluate the peak horizontal acceleration at bed rock level. Based on the results of the multichannel analysis of surface wave, it was found that the study area belonged to site class D. The PGA values for the study area were evaluated for site class D by considering the local site effects. The soil resistance for the study area was characterized using the standard penetration test (SPT) values obtained from 450 boreholes. These SPT data along with the PGA values obtained from the probabilistic seismic hazard analysis were used to evaluate the liquefaction return period for the study area. The contour plot showing the spatial variation of factor of safety against liquefaction and the corrected SPT values required for preventing liquefaction for a return period of 475 years at depths of 3 and 6 m are presented in this paper. The entire process of liquefaction potential evaluation, starting from collection of earthquake data, identifying the seismic sources, evaluation of seismic hazard and the assessment of liquefaction return period were carried out, and the entire analysis was done based on the probabilistic approach.


Earthquakes PSHA SPT Seismic soil liquefaction 



Authors thank ISRO-IISc Space Technology Cell, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India for funding the project titled “Assessment of Seismicity of Peninsular India—Using Remote Sensing and GIS” (Ref. No. ISTC/CCE/TGS/195 Dated 7 March 2007).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

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