Remarks on the Seat of Spoken Language, Followed by a Case of Aphasia (1861)
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This work and the subsequent case which I am here presenting support Mr. [Jean B.] Bouillaud’s ideas on the seat of the faculty of language. This question, which is both a physiological and a pathological one, merits more attention than most physicians have been willing to accord it. It is a very delicate matter, very obscure, and somewhat complicated; in fact, so much so that I feel I should make some introductory remarks before going into the fact which I have observed.
It is known that phrenologists place the ability to speak in the area slightly anterior to the brain, in one of the convolutions resting on the orbital arch. This opinion which had been accepted without sufficient proof, and which rested on a very imperfect analysis of the phenomenon of language, would doubtlessly have disappeared with the rest of the system, had Mr. Bouillaud not rescued it from the shipwreck, by making large modifications and by surrounding it with a halo of proof borrowed mainly from pathology....