Naringenin Ameliorates Chronic Sleep Deprivation‐Induced Pain via Sirtuin1 Inhibition

Abstract

Growing experimental evidences have suggested the reciprocal correlation between sleep deprivation and pain. Inflammation and oxidative stress are among the key pathways underlying this correlation. Therefore, the present study was aimed to assess the effect of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compound naringenin (NGN) against chronic sleep deprivation (CSD)-induced mechanical and thermal hyperalgesia in female Swiss albino mice. In this study, mice were chronically sleep-deprived for 8 h a day for five days a week with the weekend as a free sleep period and continued for nine weeks using a modified multiple platform method. The pain behavioral tests were conducted at the end of the fourth week to assess the development of hyperalgesia followed by the administration of NGN and a combination of NGN with Sirtinol (SIR, a sirtuin1 inhibitor) till the end of the study. After nine weeks, pain behavioral tests, along with oxidative stress and inflammatory parameters in cortex and striatum, were assessed. Results indicated that CSD-induced hyperalgesia in mice accompanied by increased oxidative stress and inflammatory markers in cortex and striatum of the brain. NGN combatted the hyperalgesic response and also decreased levels of oxidative stress and inflammatory markers. Furthermore, the pharmacological effect of NGN was mitigated with SIR. Thus, the findings of the present study reveal that NGN is acting via sirtuin1 to exert its antinociceptive activity against CSD-induced hyperalgesia.

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Data Availability

The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

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Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the University Grant Commission (UGC), New Delhi, and AICTE, New Delhi for awarding fellowships to Ms. Shiyana Arora (BSR RFSMS fellowship) and Ms. Aishwarya Venugopalan, respectively. The authors are immensely thankful to the University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University, Chandigarh, for providing the research infrastructure.

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SA, AV, and KC conceived the idea and designed the hypothesis. SA, AV are co-first authors because they have contributed equally to the experiment and manuscript. SA, AV and RND executed experiments and were involved in data collection and data analysis. SA, AV, and RND prepared the manuscript. MB, KKK, and KC were involved in manuscript revision. All the authors have approved the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Kanwaljit Chopra.

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Arora, S., Venugopalan, A., Dharavath, R.N. et al. Naringenin Ameliorates Chronic Sleep Deprivation‐Induced Pain via Sirtuin1 Inhibition. Neurochem Res (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11064-021-03254-9

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Keywords

  • Anti‐nociception
  • Flavonoid
  • Modified multiple platform
  • Neuroinflammation
  • Oxidative stress
  • Phytomolecule
  • Sirtinol