Antioxidants and Neuron-Astrocyte Interplay in Brain Physiology: Melatonin, a Neighbor to Rely on

Abstract

This manuscript is a review focused onto the role of astrocytes in the protection of neurons against oxidative stress and how melatonin can contribute to the maintenance of brain homeostasis. The first part of the review is dedicated to the dependence of neurons on astrocytes by terms of survival under oxidative stress conditions. Additionally, the effects of melatonin against oxidative stress in the brain and its putative role in the protection against diseases affecting the brain are highlighted. The effects of melatonin on the physiology of neurons and astrocytes also are reviewed.

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Acknowledgments

Conception of this manuscript was carried out under research funded by the following projects: Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (BFU2016-79259-R) and Junta de Extremadura-FEDER (IB16006; GR18070).

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Gonzalez, A. Antioxidants and Neuron-Astrocyte Interplay in Brain Physiology: Melatonin, a Neighbor to Rely on. Neurochem Res 46, 34–50 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11064-020-02972-w

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Keywords

  • Astrocyte
  • Neuron
  • Melatonin
  • Antioxidant
  • Neurodegenerative
  • Cancer