Possible Mechanisms Involved in Attenuation of Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Memory Deficits by Methyl Jasmonate in Mice
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This present study was carried out to investigate the likely mechanisms by which methyl jasmonate (MJ), ‘an agent widely used in aromatherapy for neurological disorders, attenuates lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced memory deficits in mice. Mice were given intraperitoneal administration of LPS (250 µg/kg) alone or in combination with MJ (10–40 mg/kg), donepezil, DP (1 mg/kg), or vehicle for 7 successive days. Thereafter, memory was assessed using object recognition test (ORT). Acetylcholinesterase and myeloperoxidase activities were estimated in brain tissue homogenates. Brain levels of nitric oxide and markers of oxidative stress as well as histopathologic changes of the prefrontal cortex and cornu ammonis 1 (CA1) of the hippocampal region were also assessed. MJ (10–40 mg/kg) attenuated LPS-induced memory impairment in ORT. Moreover, the increased brain activities of acetylcholinesterase and myeloperoxidase enzymes were suppressed by MJ when compared with control (p < 0.05). Increased brain oxidative stress and nitric oxide levels in LPS-treated mice were significantly decreased by MJ. It offers protection against LPS-induced neuronal degeneration of the prefrontal cortex and CA1 of the hippocampus, suggesting neuroprotective effect. Taken together, these findings showed that MJ offers protection against LPS-induced memory deficits via mechanisms related to inhibition of acetylcholinesterase, myeloperoxidase, oxidative stress and neuronal degeneration.
KeywordsMethyl jasmonate Memory impairment Neuroinflammation Lipopolysaccharide
Authors thanked the technical staff of the Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics for their assistance. We also appreciate Professors E.A. Bababumi and O.G. Ademowo for introducing methyl jasmonate to us.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.
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