Neurochemical Research

, Volume 37, Issue 4, pp 826–834 | Cite as

Neuronal Damage Using Fluoro-Jade B Histofluorescence and Gliosis in the Striatum After Various Durations of Transient Cerebral Ischemia in Gerbils

  • Taek Geun Ohk
  • Ki-Yeon Yoo
  • Seung Min Park
  • Bich Na Shin
  • In Hye Kim
  • Joon Ha Park
  • Hee Cheol Ahn
  • Young Joo Lee
  • Myong Jo Kim
  • Tae Young Kim
  • Moo-Ho Won
  • Jun Hwi Cho
Original Paper


Ischemic damage occurs well in vulnerable regions of the brain, including the hippocampus and striatum. In the present study, we examined neuronal damage/death and glial changes in the striatum 4 days after 5, 10, 15 and 20 min of transient cerebral ischemia using the gerbil. Spontaneous motor activity was increased with the duration time of ischemia–reperfusion (I-R). To examine neuronal damage, we used Fluoro-Jade B (F-J B, a marker for neuronal degeneration) histofluorescence staining. F-J B positive cells were detected only in the 20 min ischemia-group, not in the other groups. In addition, we examined gliosis of astrocytes and microglia using anti-glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and anti- ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 (Iba-1), respectively. In the 5 min ischemia-group, GFAP-immunoreactive astrocytes were distinctively increased in number, and the immunoreactivity was stronger than that in the sham-group. In the 10, 15 and 20 min ischemia-groups, GFAP-immunoreactivity was more increased with the duration of I-R. On the other hand, the immunoreactivity and the number of Iba-1-immunoreactive microglia were distinctively increased in the 5 and 10 min ischemia-groups. In the 15 min ischemia-group, cell bodies of microglia were largest, and the immunoreactivity was highest; however, in the 20 min ischemia-group, the immunoreactivity was low compared to the 15 min ischemia-group. The results of western blotting for GFAP and Iba-1 were similar to the immunohistochemical data. In brief, these findings showed that neuronal death could be detected only in the 20 min ischemia-group 4 days after I-R, and the change pattern of astrocytes and microglia were apparently different according to the duration time of I-R.


Ischemia–reperfusion Ischemic duration Fluoro-Jade B Astrocytes Microglia 



The authors would like to thank Mr. Seok Han, Mr. Seung Uk Lee and Ms. Hyun Sook Kim for their technical help in this study. This work was supported by this work was supported by Rural Development Administration of Agenda project (PJ008261), Korea, and by 2011 Research Grant from Kangwon National University.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Taek Geun Ohk
    • 1
  • Ki-Yeon Yoo
    • 2
  • Seung Min Park
    • 1
  • Bich Na Shin
    • 3
  • In Hye Kim
    • 3
  • Joon Ha Park
    • 3
  • Hee Cheol Ahn
    • 1
  • Young Joo Lee
    • 4
  • Myong Jo Kim
    • 5
  • Tae Young Kim
    • 6
  • Moo-Ho Won
    • 3
  • Jun Hwi Cho
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Emergency MedicineHallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym UniversityAnyangSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Oral AnatomyCollege of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National UniversityGangneungSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of Neurobiology, and Institute of Medical Sciences, School of MedicineKangwon National UniversityChuncheonSouth Korea
  4. 4.Department of Emergency MedicineSeoul Hospital, College of Medicine, Sooncheonhyang UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  5. 5.Oriental Bio-herb Research InstituteKangwon National UniversityChuncheonSouth Korea
  6. 6.Fermentation & Food Processing, Department of Korean Food Research for GlobalizationNAAS, RDASuwonSouth Korea
  7. 7.Department of Emergency Medicine, and Institute of Medical SciencesKangwon National University Hospital, School of Medicine, Kangwon National UniversityChuncheonSouth Korea

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