Neurochemical Research

, Volume 35, Issue 8, pp 1259–1268 | Cite as

Effects of Iron Chelators, Iron Salts, and Iron Oxide Nanoparticles on the Proliferation and the Iron Content of Oligodendroglial OLN-93 Cells

Original Paper


The oligodendroglial cell line OLN-93 was used as model system to investigate the consequences of iron deprivation or iron excess on cell proliferation. Presence of ferric or ferrous iron chelators inhibited the proliferation of OLN-93 cells in a time and concentration dependent manner, while the application of a molar excess of ferric ammonium citrate (FAC) prevented the inhibition of proliferation by the chelator deferoxamine. Proliferation of OLN-93 cells was not affected by incubation with 300 μM iron that was applied in the form of FAC, FeCl2, ferrous ammonium sulfate or iron oxide nanoparticles, although the cells efficiently accumulated iron during exposure to each of these iron sources. The highest specific iron content was observed for cells that were exposed to the nanoparticles. These data demonstrate that the proliferation of OLN-93 cells depends strongly on the availability of iron and that these cells efficiently accumulate iron from various extracellular iron sources.


Oligodendrocytes Iron Proliferation Deferoxamine Iron oxide nanoparticles 



Michaela Hohnholt and Mark Geppert are members of the Ph.D. graduate school nanoToxCom at the University of Bremen. Michaela Hohnholt is financially supported by a grant from the University Bremen (BFK) and Mark Geppert is a recipient of a Ph.D. fellowship from the Hans-Böckler Stiftung. We like to thank Prof. C. Richter-Landsberg (Oldenburg, Germany) for kindly providing us with OLN-93 cells and Maike Schmidt for her help with the microscopy.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michaela Hohnholt
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mark Geppert
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ralf Dringen
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Biomolecular Interactions BremenUniversity of BremenBremenGermany
  2. 2.Center for Environmental Research and Sustainable TechnologyUniversity of BremenBremenGermany
  3. 3.School of Psychology and PsychiatryMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia

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