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Neurochemical Research

, 34:2122 | Cite as

Systemic Oxidative Stress Associated with the Neurological Diseases of Aging

  • Jorge A. Serra
  • Raúl O. Domínguez
  • Enrique R. Marschoff
  • Eduardo M. Guareschi
  • Arturo L. Famulari
  • Alberto Boveris
Original Paper

Abstract

Markers of oxidative stress were measured in blood samples of 338 subjects (965 observations): Alzheimer’s, vascular dementia, diabetes (type II) superimposed to dementias, Parkinson’s disease and controls. Patients showed increased thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (+21%; P < 0.05), copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (+64%; P < 0.001) and decreased antioxidant capacity (−28%; P < 0.001); pairs of variables resulted linearly related across groups (P < 0.001). Catalase and glutathione peroxidase, involved in discrimination between diseases, resulted non-significant. When diabetes is superimposed with dementias, changes resulted less marked but significant. Also, superoxide dismutase resulted not linearly correlated with any other variable or age-related (pure Alzheimer’s peaks at 70 years, P < 0.001). Systemic oxidative stress was significantly associated (P ≪ 0.001) with all diseases indicating a disbalance in peripheral/adaptive responses to oxidative disorders through different free radical metabolic pathways. While other changes—methionine cycle, insulin correlation—are also associated with dementias, the responses presented here show a simple linear relation between prooxidants and antioxidant defenses.

Keywords

Free radicals Oxidative stress Aging Alzheimer’s disease Vascular dementia Parkinson disease Type II diabetes mellitus 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study has been partially supported by a grant from the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) and the Fundación Argentina Contra las Enfermedades Neurológicas del Envejecimiento (FACENE) of Argentina.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorge A. Serra
    • 1
  • Raúl O. Domínguez
    • 2
  • Enrique R. Marschoff
    • 3
  • Eduardo M. Guareschi
    • 4
  • Arturo L. Famulari
    • 5
  • Alberto Boveris
    • 1
  1. 1.Free Radicals Program, Programa de Radicales Libres (PRALIB), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Oxidative Stress Laboratory, Faculty of Pharmacy and BiochemistryUniversity of Buenos Aires (UBA)Buenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Faculty of Medicine, School of Neurology, Hospital Sirio-LibanésUniversity of Buenos Aires (UBA), Fundación Argentina Contra las Enfermedades Neurológicas del Envejecimiento (FACENE)Buenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Faculty of Exacts and Natural Sciences, Biological Sciences Department, Laboratory of BiometryUniversity of Buenos Aires (UBA)Buenos AiresArgentina
  4. 4.Laboratory for the Clinical Investigations (LEPLIC)Buenos AiresArgentina
  5. 5.Faculty of Medicine, School of Neurology, Hospital Sirio-Libanés, Institute of Cardiology Research Prof. Dr. Alberto TaquiniUniversity of Buenos Aires (UBA), Fundación Argentina Contra las Enfermedades Neurológicas del Envejecimiento (FACENE)Buenos AiresArgentina

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