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Neurochemical Research

, 31:1381 | Cite as

Cultured Rat Astrocytes Give Rise to Neural Stem Cells

  • Tatsuki Itoh
  • Takao Satou
  • Shozo Nishida
  • Shigeo Hashimoto
  • Hiroyuki Ito
Original Paper

Abstract

Previously, we reported the occurrence of neural stem cells (NSCs) around an area of damage after rat traumatic brain injury (TBI), but it was unclear if this was due to blastgenesis in astrocytes, or to NSCs migrating from the subventricular zone (SVZ). In this study, NSCs were isolated and cultured from cultured type 1 astrocytes taken from newborn rat cortex in which the subventricular zone and hippocampus had been discarded. All cultured type 1 astrocytes showed glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) immunopositivity. Nestin immunopositive spheres were isolated from type 1 astrocytes and cultured in the presence of bFGF and EGF in the medium. Neurospheres differentiated into Tuj1-, GFAP- and A2B5-positive cells after 4 days of culture without bFGF and EGF. These results indicate that isolated neurospheres from brain cortex astrocytes can differentiate into neurons and glia and might contribute to neurogenesis and neuroplasticity.

Keywords

Neural stem cell Differentiation Astrocyte Neurosphere Culture 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tatsuki Itoh
    • 1
  • Takao Satou
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Shozo Nishida
    • 4
  • Shigeo Hashimoto
    • 5
  • Hiroyuki Ito
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PathologyKinki University School of MedicineOsakaJapan
  2. 2.Division of Hospital PathologyHospital of Kinki University School of MedicineOsakaJapan
  3. 3.Division of Sports MedicineInstitute of Life Science, Kinki UniversityOsakaJapan
  4. 4.Kinki University School of Pharmaceutical SciencesOsakaJapan
  5. 5.Department of PathologyPL HospitalOsakaJapan

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