Effect of Lipids on the Activity of Calpain in Subcellular Fractions Obtained from the Rat Brain
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We studied the effect of lipids on the activity of a neutral cysteine proteinase, calpain, in subcellular fractions obtained from the rat brain. Extraction of nearly 23% of membrane cholesterol from the coarse mitochondrial fraction did not result in modifications of specific activity of calpain in this fraction. Detergents (digitonin or Triton Х-100) used in 0.3% concentration enhanced the activity of calpain in the coarse mitochondrial fraction. Examination of the effects of preparations of different phospholipids on the activity of calpain in the cytoplasm demonstrated that only phosphatidylcholine, but not phosphatidylserine and/or cardiolipin, insignificantly increased the activity of calpain (independently of the size and structure of phospholipid vesicles). We hypothesize that the mechanisms underlying interaction between calpain and lipids are not universal; in native cells and model experiments, they can differ noticeably from each other and are modified depending on the corresponding conditions.
Keywordscalpain cholesterol phospholipids activation of an enzyme
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- 18.L. I. Kolchinskay and M. K. Malysheva, “Activity of calpain in subcellular fractions of the rat brain,” Neurophysiology, 36, No. 4, 231–237 (2004).Google Scholar