, 39:34 | Cite as

Dynamics of post-denervational modifications of spinal reflex activity in albino rats

  • E. A. Makii
  • A. G. Rodinskii
  • A. N. Gninenko
  • V. N. Belokon’


In experiments on rats, we studied the characteristics of reflex discharges in the ventral root (VR) L 5; the discharges were evoked by stimulation of segmental (peripheral nerve or dorsal root, DR) and suprasegmental vestibular (stimulation of the round window of the labyrinth) inputs. Potentials were recorded within different time intervals (from 1 to 150 days) after transection of the sciatic nerve (SN); measures preventing regeneration of its fibers were used. Modifications of the segmental responses related to post-denervational changes included four phases: (i) latent period, (ii) post-denervational spinal hyperreflexia (PDSH), (iii) partial suppression of monosynaptic discharges (MDs) in the VR, and (iv) complete disappearance of VR MDs resulting from late post-denervational changes. The latency of post-denervational modifications was about 18–48 h after the moment of transection of the SN. Within the PDSH phase, modifications were the greatest 3 to 5 days after transection; these changes could be more adequately estimated in the case of stimulation of the DR on the side of transection and not under conditions of stimulation of the central segment of the transected SN per se. Within this phase, the amplitudes of VR MDs and responses to vestibular stimulation were augmented two to three and four to five times, as compared with the respective indices in intact animals. From the 7th to 10th day after the nerve transection, the amplitude of VR MDs progressively dropped, and on about the 20th day these discharges practically disappeared, while polysynaptic components of segmental responses were preserved. Vestibular responses within this period were, as earlier, considerably facilitated. On the 60th and 150th days (within the phase of late post-denervational modifications) there were no VR MDs after stimulation of segmental inputs, and polysynaptic responses were exclusively observed. The amplitude of discharges evoked by vestibular stimulation became lower than in the PDSH state but remained significantly higher than the control values of this parameter. Probable mechanisms of post-denervational modifications of the evoked spinal activity within different time intervals after transection of the SN are discussed.


denervation spinal cord reflex discharges in the ventral root segmental juvy vestibular stimulations time dynamics of modifications 4-aminopyridine 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. A. Makii
    • 1
  • A. G. Rodinskii
    • 1
  • A. N. Gninenko
    • 1
  • V. N. Belokon’
    • 1
  1. 1.Dnepropetrovsk State Medical AcademyMinistry of Public Health of UkraineUkraine

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