Advertisement

Neophilologus

, Volume 95, Issue 4, pp 565–577 | Cite as

The Anthropological Effect: Cultural Hierarchies and Nationalization in Pérez Galdós’ Doña Perfecta and Pereda’s De Tal Palo, Tal Astilla

  • Sarah Sierra
Article
  • 132 Downloads

Abstract

In nineteenth-century Spain, Anthropology arose as a means to study the social and cultural aspects of humankind in an empirical manner. However, the anthropological evaluation of distinct internal national cultures opened a dangerous path for politically motivated ideologies to establish a cultural hierarchy in which particular communities were considered less-developed. The urban liberals justified the intervention by the centralized government in the rural peripheral cultures in order to usurp control over these perceived underdeveloped areas. In both Benito Pérez Galdós’ Doña Perfecta and José María de Pereda’s De Tal Palo, Tal Astilla, the effects of Anthropology on the urban–rural dynamics are played out as the liberal, urban protagonists engage the rural communities in a manner that simulates a colonial encounter; the dominant culture dismisses the extant beliefs and customs, thus allowing for political and economic usurpation of the perceived underdeveloped community. In each novel, the rural inhabitants react violently to the liberal protagonists’ encroachment indicating a growing awareness of the failure of the liberal faction’s nationalization agenda.

Keywords

Anthropology Internal colonialism Ethnicity Nationalization Doña Perfecta De tal palo, Tal astilla 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Afinoguénova, E. (2003). Beach, modernity, and colonial encounters in Santander and Castro Urdiales in Amós de Escalante and José María de Pereda, 1864–1877. Mester, XXXII, 127–154.Google Scholar
  2. Dendle, B. J., (1992–93). Orbajosa revisited, or, the complexities of interpretation. Anales Galdosianos, pp. 51–67.Google Scholar
  3. Goode, J. (2009). Impurity of blood: Defining race in Spain, 1870–1930. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Hechter, M. (1999). Internal colonialism: The Celtic fringe in British national development (2nd ed.). New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
  5. Labanyi, J. (2000). Gender and modernization in the Spanish realist novel. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Lisón Tolosana, C. (1971). Antropología social en España. Madrid: Siglo Veintiuno de Españo Editores.Google Scholar
  7. Miller, S. (1988). Madrid y la problemática regionalista en Pereda y Galdós. Boletín de la Biblioteca de Menéndez Pelayo, LXIV, 223–251.Google Scholar
  8. Moses, D. A. (2008). Empire, colony, genocide: Conquest, occupation, and subaltern resistance in world history (pp. 3–54). New York: Bergham Books.Google Scholar
  9. Pereda, J. M. (1880). De tal palo, tal astilla. In J. Casalduero (Ed. 1981), Madrid: Cátedra.Google Scholar
  10. Pérez Galdós, B. (1876). Doña Perfecta. R. Cardona (Ed. 2003). Madrid: Cátedra.Google Scholar
  11. Spencer, H. (1876). Psicología comparada del hombre. La Revista Contemporánea, 30 January, 504–518. Resource document. Biblioteca Nacional Española. Hemerotecadigital. http://hemerotecadigital.bne.es. Accessed 2 Septempber 2009.
  12. Taras, R., & Ganguly, R. (2002). Understanding ethnic conflict: The international dimension. New York: Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers.Google Scholar
  13. Zahareas, A. (1976). Galdós’ Doña Perfecta: Ffiction, history and ideology. Anales Galdosianos, 11, 29–58.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Foreign Languages and LiteraturesVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

Personalised recommendations