Journal of Neuro-Oncology

, Volume 115, Issue 2, pp 179–188 | Cite as

MiR-29c inhibits glioma cell proliferation, migration, invasion and angiogenesis

  • Yue-chao Fan
  • Peng-jin Mei
  • Chen Chen
  • Fa-an Miao
  • Hui Zhang
  • Zhong-lin Li
Laboratory Investigation


Previous studies reported that miR-29c is significantly downregulated in several tumors. However, little is known about the effect and molecular mechanisms of action of miR-29c in human glioma. Using quantitative RT-PCR, we demonstrated that miR-29c was significantly downregulated in glioma cell lines and human primary glioma tissues, compared to normal human astrocytes and matched non-tumor associated tissues (P < 0.05, χ2 test). Overexpression of miR-29c dramatically reduced the proliferation and caused cessation of cell cycle. The reduced cell proliferation is due to G1 phase arrest as cyclin D1 and cyclin E are diminished whereas p27 and p21 are upregulated. We further demonstrated that miR-29c overexpression suppressed the glioma cell migration and invasion abilities by targeting MMP-2. In addition, we also found that overexpression of miR-29c sharply inhibited angiogenesis, which correlated with down-regulation of VEGF. The data indicate that miR-29c may be a tumor suppressor involved in the progression of glioma.


miR-29c Glioma Proliferation Invasion Migration Angiogenesis 



This project is supported by Grants from the Health Department Foundation of Jiangsu province (No. H201019).

Conflict of interest

We declare that we have no conflict of interest.

Ethics statement

This study was performed under a protocol approved by the Institutional Review Boards of The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College and all examinations were performed after obtaining written informed consents.

Supplementary material

11060_2013_1223_MOESM1_ESM.tif (188 kb)
Fig. S1 Analysis of miR-29a expression in glioma cell lines and tissues. a Real-time analysis of miR-29a expression in normal human astrocytes NHA and glioma cell lines, including U251, U87, T98G, A172, SHG44. The average miR-29a expression was normalized to U6 expression. b The expression of miR-29a was examined in paired primary glioma tissues (T) and glioma adjacent non-tumor tissues (ANT) from ten individual patients. The average miR-29a expression was normalized to U6 expression. Each bar represents the mean of three independent experiments. *P < 0.05. Supplementary material 1 (TIFF 188 kb)
11060_2013_1223_MOESM2_ESM.tif (188 kb)
Fig. S2. Analysis of miR-29b expression in glioma cell lines and tissues. a Real-time analysis of miR-29b expression in normal human astrocytes NHA and glioma cell lines, including U251, U87, T98G, A172, SHG44. The average miR-29b expression was normalized to U6 expression. b The expression of miR-29b was examined in paired primary glioma tissues (T) and glioma adjacent non-tumor tissues (ANT) from ten individual patients. The average miR-29b expression was normalized to U6 expression. Each bar represents the mean of three independent experiments. *P < 0.05. Supplementary material 2 (TIFF 188 kb)
11060_2013_1223_MOESM3_ESM.tif (931 kb)
Fig. S3. a, b Western blot analysis of the relative protein level of Pro-caspase-3, Cleaved-caspase-3, Pro-caspase-9, Cleaved-caspase-9, Bax, Bcl-2 and Actin in miR-29c overexpressed and control group for both U251 and U87 cell lines. Supplementary material 3 (TIFF 930 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yue-chao Fan
    • 1
  • Peng-jin Mei
    • 1
  • Chen Chen
    • 1
  • Fa-an Miao
    • 1
  • Hui Zhang
    • 1
  • Zhong-lin Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryThe Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical CollegeXuzhouChina

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