Journal of Neuro-Oncology

, Volume 84, Issue 2, pp 131–140 | Cite as

Persistent IL-10 production is required for glioma growth suppressive activity by Th1-directed effector cells after stimulation with tumor lysate-loaded dendritic cells

  • Steven De Vleeschouwer
  • Isabel Spencer Lopes
  • Jan L. Ceuppens
  • Stefaan W. Van Gool
Lab investigation-human/animal tissue


Injection of dendritic cells (DC) pulsed with tumor antigens is a novel treatment strategy against malignancies, and aims to elicit anti-tumoral cell-mediated immune responses. We studied the in vitro proliferative responses and cytokine production in T cell cultures after 2 stimulations with autologous DC loaded with tumor lysates derived from glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells in the presence of recombinant interleukin (rIL)−6/rIL-12 in the first, and rIL-2/rIL-7 in the second stimulation. After the second stimulation, T cells were co-cultured with glioblastoma (GBM) cells and tumor growth suppression by T cells was assessed using a MTT assay. Although loaded DC induced a significant shift towards T helper cell type 1 (Th1) cytokine production as compared to unloaded DC, persistent interleukin (IL)-10 production by T cells both at the end of 2 stimulations with loaded DC and during the effector phase was also required for their tumor suppressive activity. A stronger glioma growth suppressive activity by T cells stimulated with tumor lysate-loaded DC than by control T cells, cultured with unloaded DC, was seen only if the relative IL-10 production after two stimulations with loaded DC was at least 40% of the IL-10 production after two stimulations with unloaded DC. If less than 40% IL-10 was produced in the experimental condition compared to the control condition, T cells also lost their tumor growth suppressive activity. Addition of rIL-10 during stimulation increased the suppressive activity on tumor cell viability and interferon (IFN)-γ production by T cells that showed Th1 response upon stimulation with loaded DC. The data point towards the production of both IFN-γ and IL-10 by responding effector T cells, and towards an immune modulatory rather than immune suppressive role of IL-10 to generate anti-tumoral effector T cells against GBM.


Dendritic cell Glioblastoma Immunotherapy Interleukin-10 Th1 response 



This project is supported by the Olivia Hendrickx Research Fund, The Belgian Federation against Cancer, Electrabel Netmanagement Vlaanderen, and charities from private families.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven De Vleeschouwer
    • 1
    • 2
  • Isabel Spencer Lopes
    • 1
  • Jan L. Ceuppens
    • 1
  • Stefaan W. Van Gool
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory of Experimental ImmunologyCatholic University LeuvenBelgiumEurope
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryUniversity Hospital GasthuisbergBelgiumEurope
  3. 3.Department of Pediatric Hemato-oncologyUniversity Hospital GasthuisbergBelgiumEurope

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