Journal of Neuro-Oncology

, Volume 81, Issue 2, pp 139–148 | Cite as

Expression of nine tumour antigens in a series of human glioblastoma multiforme: interest of EGFRvIII, IL-13Rα2, gp100 and TRP-2 for immunotherapy

  • Stéphan Saikali
  • Tony Avril
  • Brigitte Collet
  • Abderrahmane Hamlat
  • Jean-Yves Bansard
  • Bernard Drenou
  • Yvon Guegan
  • Véronique Quillien
Laboratory Investigation


In this study, we investigated the mRNA and protein expression of nine tumour antigens in human glioblastoma multiforme with a view to their possible use in dendritic cell-based immunotherapy. Expression of ALK, EGFRvIII, GALT3, gp100, IL-13Rα2, MAGE-A3, NA17-A, TRP-2 and tyrosinase were studied by real-time RT-PCR on frozen tissues using a series of 47 tumour samples from patients with glioblastoma. Results were compared with non-neoplastic brain expression or glioblastoma samples with very low levels of expression near the limits of detection for EGFRvIII and MAGE-A3, as these latter two antigens were not detected in non-neoplastic brain. Tumour antigens showing a 5-fold increase in mRNA expression were considered as positive, and only antigens displaying an mRNA over-expression in a significant number of cases were analysed by immunohistochemistry on paraffin-embedded sections. Using real time RT-PCR, we found EGFRvIII, gp100, IL-13Rα2 and TRP-2 to be positive in 64, 38, 32 and 21% of cases, respectively. While we observed no over-expression for ALK, GALT3 and tyrosinase, 3 samples out of 47 were positive for MAGE-3 and 1 sample for NA17-A. More than 25% of tumour cells showed strong protein expression in 13, 34, 85 and 96% of GBM samples for gp100, TRP-2, EGFRvIII and IL-13Rα2, respectively. Interestingly, protein expression of at least 3 antigens was observed in 38% of cases. These results point out the importance of EGFRvIII, IL-13Rα2 and, to a less extent gp100 and TRP-2, for developing an immunotherapy strategy against glioblastoma.


Glioblastoma EGFRvIII gp100 IL-13Rα2 TRP-2 Dendritic cell-based immunotherapy 



Cytotoxic T cell


Glioblastoma multiforme


Major histocompatibility complex


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We thank the Neurosurgery Department (Hôpital Pontchaillou, Rennes) for providing us with tumour samples, as well as S. Moiteaux, P. Bellaud, F. Jouan, and A.␣Denais for their technical assistance. M.S.N. Carpenter post-edited the English style. This study was supported by Grants Nos. PHRC 2003, CPER 2000-2006 Région Bretagne.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stéphan Saikali
    • 1
  • Tony Avril
    • 2
  • Brigitte Collet
    • 3
  • Abderrahmane Hamlat
    • 4
  • Jean-Yves Bansard
    • 5
  • Bernard Drenou
    • 6
  • Yvon Guegan
    • 4
  • Véronique Quillien
    • 7
  1. 1.Département d’Anatomie et cytologie pathologiquesHôpital PontchaillouRennesFrance
  2. 2.UPRES EA3889, Université de Rennes 1RennesFrance
  3. 3.Département de BiologieCentre Eugène MarquisRennesFrance
  4. 4.Département de NeurochirurgieHôpital PontchaillouRennesFrance
  5. 5.INSERM U642, Université de Rennes 1RennesFrance
  6. 6.Département d’HématologieHôpital E. MullerMulhouseFrance
  7. 7.Département de BiologieCentre Eugène Marquis, and UPRESRennesFrance

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