Journal of Neuro-Oncology

, Volume 76, Issue 3, pp 239–248 | Cite as

Discoidin Domain Receptor-1a (DDR1a) Promotes Glioma Cell Invasion and Adhesion in Association with Matrix Metalloproteinase-2

  • Rosalyn Ram
  • Gustavo Lorente
  • Karoly Nikolich
  • Roman Urfer
  • Erik Foehr
  • Usha Nagavarapu
Laboratory Investigation


Invasion of glioma cells involves the attachment of invading tumor cells to extracellular matrix (ECM), disruption of ECM components, and subsequent cell penetration into adjacent brain structures. Discoidin domain receptor 1 (DDR1) tyrosine kinases constitute a novel family of receptors characterized by a unique structure in the ectodomain (discoidin-I domain). These cell surface receptors bind to several collagens and facilitate cell adhesion. Little is known about DDR1 expression and function in glioblastoma multiforme. In this study we demonstrate that DDR1 is overexpressed in glioma tissues using cDNA arrays, immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. Functional comparison of two splice variants of DDR1 (DDR1a and DDR1b) reveal novel differences in cell based glioma models. Overexpression of either DDR1a or DDR1b caused increased cell attachment. However, glioma cells overexpressing DDR1a display enhanced invasion and migration. We also detect increased levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2 in DDR1a overexpressing cells as measured by zymography. Inhibition of MMP activity using MMP inhibitor suppressed DDR1a stimulated cell-invasion. Similarly, an antibody against DDR1 reduced DDR1a mediated invasion as well as the enhanced adhesion of DDR1a and DDR1b overexpressing cells. These results suggest that DDR1a plays a critical role in inducing tumor cell adhesion and invasion, and this invasive phenotype is caused by activation of matrix metalloproteinase-2.


adhesion discoidin receptor tyrosine kinase glioma invasion matrix metalloproteinase-2 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rosalyn Ram
    • 1
  • Gustavo Lorente
    • 1
  • Karoly Nikolich
    • 1
  • Roman Urfer
    • 1
  • Erik Foehr
    • 1
  • Usha Nagavarapu
    • 1
  1. 1.AGY Therapeutics, Inc.South San FranciscoUSA

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