New Forests

, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp 521–537 | Cite as

Ectomycorrhizal fungal resources of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region: above ground macrofungi and belowground ectomycorrhizae

  • Jie WeiEmail author
  • Yue Yang
  • Erik A. Hobbie
  • Wei Yan


Desertification and land use pressures reduced forest cover in Inner Mongolia by 3% between 1992 and 2001. These forests primarily form symbioses with ectomycorrhizal fungi, and inventory and conservation of this resource is desirable as one tool to promote forest recovery in the future. We reviewed work on 311 ectomycorrhizal fungal species from publications on macrofungal sporocarps in Inner Mongolia over the past 30 years. In Inner Mongolia, the dominant ectomycorrhizal families are Russulaceae, Boletaceae and Cortinariaceae, with Russula, Lactarius, and Cortinarius as dominant ectomycorrhizal genera. Distributions of ectomycorrhizal fungi varied regionally, with higher diversity in northeastern Inner Mongolia than in western Inner Mongolia. Yearly precipitation across the region varied from ~ 400 to 120 mm, and probably was a dominant factor in diversity, although host distributions, stand age, and variable survey effort across the region could also contribute. In addition to sporocarp surveys, 99 ectomycorrhizal morphotypes have been identified belowground; all these ectomycorrhizal fungi could potentially be used as edible fungi in developing the under-forest economy or be potential inocula in afforestation of semi-arid to arid areas within Inner Mongolia. Finally, preservation and identification of resources of ectomycorrhizal fungi in Inner Mongolia will be vital in expanding the use of diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi in inoculation of afforestation efforts, especially the establishment of an evaluation system for ectomycorrhizal fungi as potential inocula are advised.


Ectomycorrhizal fungal resource Inner Mongolia Regional difference Afforestation 



We thank Yu Liu for assistance in the references sorting. Financial support was provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China 31360010, 31460188.

Supplementary material

11056_2018_9691_MOESM1_ESM.docx (73 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 72 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Forestry CollegeInner Mongolia Agricultural UniversityHuhhotChina
  2. 2.Earth Systems Research CenterUniversity of New HampshireDurhamUSA

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