New Forests

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 295–311 | Cite as

Quality of maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) seedlings using waste materials as nursery growing media



The use of peat as a growing media in forestry nurseries is decreasing due to high costs and environmental considerations. Furthermore, diverse waste products are being used as organic amendments in certain soils before afforestation. In this study, combinations of both of these resources are considered and seven different materials were used to make mixtures of growing media used for maritime pine tree production in a forestry nursery. Pine bark, Sphagnum peat and paper mill sludge were mixed with sewage sludge, sewage activated sludge, municipal solid waste with activated composted sludge and inorganic fertilizer to fill containers where pine seeds were sown. Germination was monitored 30–50 days after sowing. Needle samples from each treatment were taken and physical parameters (height, stem diameter, aerial dry weight, main root dry weight, total dry weight) were measured along with several morphological attributes. Foliar nutrient content was also determined (N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn and Zn). The highest values for germination percentage were obtained for 75% pine bark + fertilizer and for sewage sludge treatments. Seedlings grown in paper mill sludge + activated sewage sludge + peat and in paper mill sludge + activated sewage sludge + pine bark mixtures presented the best physical parameter values. Municipal solid waste and composted sludge were the most useful amendments for morphological attributes. After linking morphological indexes and foliar nutrient content, the best Dickson Quality Index values correspond with higher values of N, Ca, Mg, Cu and Zn and lower values of P, K, Fe and Mn.


Organic waste Morphological attributes Germination Seedling growth 


El uso de turba en viveros forestales como sustrato de cultivo está decreciendo debido a su elevado coste y consideraciones medioambientales. Por otro lado, distintos residuos están siendo utilizados como enmiendas orgánicas sobre ciertos suelos previa reforestación. En este estudio, se considera una combinación de ambos factores y siete diferentes materiales fueron usados para hacer mezclas de sustrato de cultivo para la producción de pino marítimo en un vivero forestal. Corteza de pino, turba de esfagno y residuo de pasta de papel fueron mezclados con lodo de depuradora, lodo activado, residuos sólidos urbanos + lodo compostado y fertilizante inorgánico y utilizados para rellenar bandejas donde fue realizada la siembra. La germinación fue monitorizada 30–50 días después de la siembra. Se tomaron muestras de acículas de cada tratamiento y se analizaron parámetros físicos (altura, diámetro del tallo, peso seco parte aérea, peso seco de la raíz principal, peso seco total) además de distintos atributos morfológicos. El contenido foliar en nutrientes también se determinó (N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Mn and Zn). Los valores más elevados del porcentaje de germinación se obtuvieron para las mezclas: 75% corteza de pino + fertilizante y las enmiendas con lodo. El crecimiento de las plántulas presentó los mejores valores de los parámetro físicos para: residuo de pasta de papel + lodo activado + turba y para residuo pasta de papel + lodo activado + corteza de pino. La mezcla de residuos sólidos urbanos + lodo compostado proporcionó los mejores valores en relación a los atributos morfológicos. Relacionando los índices morfológicos con el contenido foliar en nutrientes se vió que los mejores valores para el Indice de Calidad de Dickson correspondieron con los valores más altos de N, Ca, Mg, Cu y Zn y los más bajos de P, K, Fe and Mn en el tejido foliar.



Thanks to Stefanie Kroll for reviewing the English text.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pilar Mañas
    • 1
  • Elena Castro
    • 1
  • Jorge de las Heras
    • 1
  1. 1.Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros AgrónomosUniversidad de Castilla-La ManchaAlbaceteSpain

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