Advertisement

Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 74–77 | Cite as

Age-Related Changes in Memorizing Sequences of Movements with the Dominant and Subdominant Hands

  • V. A. Lyakhovetskii
  • E. V. Bobrova
Article
  • 36 Downloads

The age-related characteristics of motor short-term memory on reproduction of a memorized sequence of six movements with the right or left hands were studied in two groups of subjects (right-handed, aged 18–25 and 35–60 years). The mean magnitudes of all movement errors were found to be significantly greater in the older subjects. More detailed analysis showed that the extent of errors increased with age only for the dominant right hand but not for the subdominant left hand. These data are consistent with reports of age-related decreases in interhemisphere asymmetry and more marked deterioration of motor precision with the dominant hand. Analysis of data in the framework of the hypothesis that the encoding of information relating to movements displays hemisphere specificity (specialization of the right hemisphere for absolute positional encoding and of the left for relative vectors, i.e., encoding of movements) provided grounds for suggesting that age is associated with deterioration of the functioning of the left-hemisphere relative encoding system.

Keywords

age-related changes movement sequences motor short-term memory right and left hand interhemisphere asymmetry position and movement encoding 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    B. G. Anan’ev, Humans as an Object of Knowledge, Piter, St. Petersburg (2002).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. A. Bernshtein, Essays in Motor Physiology and the Physiology of Activity, Meditsina, Moscow (1966).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. V. Bobrova, V. A. Lyakhovetskii, and E. R. Borshchevskaya, “The role of ‘history’ in the reproduction of movement sequences with the right and left hands: encoding of position and movement and the structure of sequence elements,” Zh. Vyssh. Nerv. Deyat., 61, No. 5, 565–572 (2011).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. V. Bobrova, V. A. Lyakhovetskii, and G. N. Skopin, “Training to the reproduction of sequences of movements with the right and left hands: encoding of positions and movements,” Zh. Vyssh. Nerv. Deyat., 62, No. 4, 422–430 (2012).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. V. Zaika and M. A. Kuznetsov, “Short-term memory and assimilation of practical skills,” Vopr. Psikhol., No. 2, 120–123 (1989).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    V. A. Lyakhovetskii and E. V. Bobrova, “Reproduction of memorized sequences of movements with the right and left hands: position and vector encoding,” Zh. Vyssh. Nerv. Deyat., 59, No. 1, 33–42 (2009).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. A. Orbeli, Selected Works, Nauka, Moscow, Leningrad (1966), Vol. 4.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. A. Farber, L. K. Semenova, and V. V. Alferova, Structural-Functional Maturation of the Developing Brain, Nauka, Leningrad (1990).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. L. Bradshaw, “Asymmetries in preparation for action,” Trends Cogn. Sci., 5, No. 5, 184–185 (2001).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    F. Dolcos, H. J. Rice, and R. Cabeza, “Hemispheric asymmetry and aging: right hemisphere decline or asymmetry reduction,” Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev., 26, 819–825 (2002).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. T. Grafton, E. Hazeltine, and R. B. Ivry, “Abstract and effector-specific representations of motor sequences identified with PET,” J. Neurosci., 18, No. 22, 9420–9428 (1998).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. T. Grafton, E. Hazeltine, and R. B. Ivry, “Motor sequence learning with the nondominant left hand. A PET functional imaging study,” Exp. Brain Res., 146, No. 7, 369–378 (2002).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    G. Jager and A. Postma, “On the hemispheric specialization for categorical and coordinate spatial relations: a review of the current evidence,” Neuropsychologia, 41, No. 4, 504–515 (2003).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    T. Kalisch, C. Wilimzig, N. Kleibel, et al., “Age-related attenuation of dominant hand superiority,” PLoS ONE, 1, No. 1, e90 (2006).PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    X. Lechun, “A study on the relationship between short-term motor memory storage and precision and motor learning,” Acta Psychol. Scand., 26, No. 1, 21–27 (1994).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    U. Leonards, V. Ibanez, and P. Giannakopoulos, “The role of stimulus type in age-related changes of visual working memory,” Exp. Brain Res., 146, No. 2, 172–183 (2002).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. C. Oldfield, “The assessment and analysis of handedness: the Edinburgh 8 inventory,” Neuropsychologia, 9, 97–113 (1971).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    I. Sawaki, Z. Yaseen, L. Kopylev, and L. G. Cohen, “Age-dependent changes in the ability to encode a novel elementary motor memory,” Ann. Neurol., 53, No. 4, 521–524 (2003).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    C. D. Smith, A. Walton, A. D. Loveland, et al., “Memories that last in old age: motor skill learning and memory preservation,” Neurobiol. Aging, 26, No. 6, 883–890 (2005).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Motor Physiology Laboratory, Pavlov Institute of PhysiologyRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations