Characteristics of the Perception of Short Time Intervals
- 55 Downloads
We report here a number of characteristics of the perception of short time intervals by humans (duration up to 3 sec). A short range of time intervals was assessed using a large set of durations (50) differing from each other by a small amount (0.06 sec). This provided the first identification of the structure of the subjective scales by which subjects evaluate the durations of time intervals in the range studied. Analysis of the distribution of the standard deviations of evaluations of interval durations showed that these scales were discontinuous and could include only eight gradations, and this was supported by an additional series of experiments.
Keywordstime perception short time intervals scales for evaluation of the durations of time intervals
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.N. D. Bagrova, The Time Factor in Perception by Humans [in Russian], Nauka, Leningrad (1980).Google Scholar
- 3.G. Woodrow, “The perception of time,” in: Experimental Psychology [Russian translation], S. S. Stevens (ed.), Foreign Literature Press, Moscow (1963), Vol. 2, pp. 859–874. Google Scholar
- 4.V. I. Galunov, “Psychophysiological and psychological scales,” in: Questions in the Theory and Methods of Investigation of the Perception of Speech Signals. Information Sources of the USSR Academy of Sciences [in Russian], Joint Scientific “Human and Animal Physiology” Council Press, Leningrad (1969), Iss. 22.Google Scholar
- 5.S. V. Zimina, “Clinical characteristics of the perception of time by humans,” Institute for the Study of the Nature of Time, www.chronos.msu.ru/RREPORTS/zimina_kliniko.html.
- 6.S. L. Zysin, “Evaluation of the position of a point on a line,” in: Studies of the Principles of Information Processing in the Visual System [in Russian], Nauka, Leningrad (1970), pp. 129–141.Google Scholar
- 7.L. I. Leushina, The Visual Perception Space [in Russian], Nauka, Leningrad (1978).Google Scholar
- 8.V. P. Lisenkova, “The individual characteristics of the reflection of time by humans and the time characteristics of a number of autonomic and motor reactions,” in: The Perception of Space and Time [in Russian], Nauka, Leningrad (1969).Google Scholar
- 9.I. Marinova and L. Mitrani, “Scaling of short time intervals presented visually,” in: The Psychophysics of Sensory Systems[in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1979), pp. 149–153.Google Scholar
- 10.J. A. Miller, “The magic number seven plus or minus two. Some limits to our ability to process information,” in: Engineering Psychology [Russian translation], D. Yu. Panov and V. P. Zinchenko (eds.), Progress, Moscow (1964), pp. 192–225.Google Scholar
- 11.M. B. Pavlovskaya, The Mechanisms of Evaluation of the Magnitude of Visual Images in Humans [in Russian], I. P. Pavlov Institute of Physiology (1977).Google Scholar
- 12.G. V. Portnova, O. V. Sysoeva, N. V. Malyuchenko, M. A. Timofeeva, M. A. Kulikova, A. G. Tonevitskii, M. P. Kirpichnikov, and A. M. Ivanitskii, “Genetic bases of time perception in sportsmen,” Zh. Vyssh. Nerv. Deyat., 57, No. 4, 450–461 (2007).Google Scholar
- 13.O. V. Sysoeva and A. V. Vartanov, “Two cerebral subsystems foe encoding stimulus duration (part 2),” Psikhol. Zh., 26, No. 2, 81–90 (2005).Google Scholar
- 14.P. Fress, “The perception and evaluation of time,” in: Experimental Psychology [in Russian], P. Fress and J. M. Piage (eds.), Progress, Moscow (1978), No. 6, pp. 88–130.Google Scholar
- 15.L. A. Chistovich and V. A. Kozhevnikov, “The perception of speech,” in: Questions in the Theory and Methods of Investigation of the Perception of Speech Signals. Information Sources of the USSR Academy of Sciences[in Russian], Joint Scientific “Human and Animal Physiology” Council Press, Leningrad (1969), Iss. 22.Google Scholar
- 16.G. S. Shlyakhtin, “Transformation of the mechanisms of the subjective evaluation of the durations of short time intervals,” in: N. I. Lobachevskii Nizhegorod University Bulletin, Social Sciences Series [in Russian], Nizhnii Novgorod State University Press, Nizhnii Novgorod (2004), Iss. 1, pp. 81–86. Google Scholar
- 17.D. G. Él’kin, The Perception of Time [in Russian], APN RSFSR, Moscow (1962).Google Scholar
- 22.E. Poeppel, “Time perception,” in: Handbook of Sensory Physiology, H. Autrum et al. (eds.), Springer (1978), Vol. 8, pp. 713–729.Google Scholar