Estimating Air Over-pressure Resulting from Blasting in Quarries Based on a Novel Ensemble Model (GLMNETs–MLPNN)

Abstract

In this study, a coupling of generalized linear modeling (GLMNET) and nonlinear neural network modeling with multilayer perceptrons (MLPNN), called GLMNETs–MLPNN modeling, was conducted for predicting air over-pressure (AOp) induced by blasting in open-pit mines. Accordingly, six GLMNET models were developed first. Then, their predictions were bootstrap aggregated as the new predictors, and an optimal MLPNN model was developed based on these new predictors. To prove the improvement of the proposed GLMNETs–MLPNN model, the conventional models, such as GLMNET, support vector machine, MLPNN, random forest, and empirical, were considered and developed based on the same dataset. The results of the proposed model then were compared with that of the conventional models in terms of accurate prediction and modeling. The findings revealed that the bootstrap aggregating of six generalized linear models (i.e., GLMNET models) by a nonlinear model (i.e., MLPNN) could enhance the accuracy in predicting AOp with a root-mean-squared error (RMSE) of 2.266, determination coefficient (R2) of 0.916, and mean squared error (MAE) of 1.718. In contrast, the other stand-alone models provided poorer performances with RMSE of 2.981–4.686, R2 of 0.597–0.860, and MAE of 3.156–1.990. Besides, the sensitivity analysis results indicated that burden, stemming, distance, spacing and maximum explosive charge per delay were the most important parameters in predicting AOp.

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Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the Center for Mining, Electro-Mechanical research of Hanoi University of Mining and Geology (HUMG), Hanoi, Vietnam, and the research team of Innovations for Sustainable and Responsible Mining (ISRM) of HUMG.

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Correspondence to Hoang Nguyen or Xuan-Nam Bui.

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Nguyen, H., Bui, XN. & Tran, QH. Estimating Air Over-pressure Resulting from Blasting in Quarries Based on a Novel Ensemble Model (GLMNETs–MLPNN). Nat Resour Res (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11053-021-09822-8

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Keywords

  • Air over-pressure
  • Quarry
  • GLMNETs–MLPNN
  • Ensemble model
  • Soft computational method