Solvothermal synthesis, morphology, and optical properties of Bi2O3 and Bi/Bi2O2.75 powders

Abstract

Bi2O3 nanomaterials were synthesized via a facile solvothermal routine both in the absence and presence of reducing agent of ascorbic acid. XRD measurements were applied to confirm the phase formation and structure. The morphological, optical absorbance, photocatalytic activities, and photoluminescence of the final samples showed a strict dependence on the presence of reductant used in the synthesis. Solvothermal synthesis without ascorbic acid produced α-Bi2O3 nanoplates, which aggregated together forming the flowerlike balls. Due to the in situ reduction of bismuth ions by ascorbic acid, the ball-like Bi/Bi2O2.75 nanocomposites (100 nm) were obtained in the presence of reducing agent via introducing the metallic Bi0 on the surface. The photocatalytic and photoluminescence activities of the samples were investigated. Bi/Bi2O2.75 nanocomposites showed a good photocatalytic behavior on the degradation of organic dye solutions. The photocatalysis was discussed on the luminescence, decay lifetime, and multivalent ions.

Grapichal Abstract

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Funding

This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (2017R1D1A1B03029432). This work was also partly supported by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD).

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Correspondence to Yanlin Huang or Hyo Jin Seo.

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Zhou, G., Huang, Y., Wei, D. et al. Solvothermal synthesis, morphology, and optical properties of Bi2O3 and Bi/Bi2O2.75 powders. J Nanopart Res 22, 15 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11051-019-4728-6

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Keywords

  • Semiconductor
  • Bi2O3
  • Photocatalysis
  • Band energy
  • Plasmonic Bi0 metal