Synthesis of ordered Ni/NiO nanocables for electrochemical capacitor application
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Ordered Ni/NiO nanocables were fabricated by electrochemical deposition with the aid of an anodic aluminum oxide as a template, followed by annealing at high temperature. Their morphology and structure are characterized, and the results show that each nanocable has a Ni nanowire as the inner core and a coarse NiO layer as an outer shell. As electrode materials for pseudo-capacitors, the ordered Ni/NiO nanocables exhibit a specific capacitance of 398 mF cm−2 at 1 mA cm−2 and good cycling stability. The good electrochemical performance can be attributed to the special core-shell nanocable architecture, in which the Ni nanowire core plays the role of the metallic interconnect as well as fast electron transfer, while the thin NiO shell with a large surface area serves as the active materials.
KeywordsNanocables Template method Nickel oxide Core-shell Supercapacitors Energy storage
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11204246) and Chongqing Research Program of Basic Research and Frontier Technology (cstc2016jcyjA0125).
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.