Preparation of novel poly(vinylidene fluoride)/TiO2 photocatalysis membranes for use in direct contact membrane distillation

  • Yukun Li
  • Shuying Dong
  • Liang Zhu
Research Paper


Immobilization of TiO2 is a potential approach to obtain photocatalytic membranes that could eliminate concentration polarization in sewage disposal for direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) process. A simple non-solvent-induced phase separation (NIPS) method was proposed to prepare poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) membrane, and the double-coating technology was further used to prepare the self-cleaning membranes with different TiO2 content. The effects of TiO2 nano-particles on membrane crystal form, morphology, porosity, pore size, pore size distribution, hydrophobicity, permeation, and photocatalytic efficiency were investigated, respectively. The flux of the prepared membranes is higher than the membrane (MS) provided by Membrane Solutions, LLC, in DCMD process. The contact angle between water and membrane could be increased ~ 22° by introducing photocatalytic layer containing TiO2. During the photocatalytic test, 65.78–96.31% degrading rate of 15 mg/L Rhodamine B (RhB) was achieved. The relative flux of the membrane T-3 can be recovered to 0.96 in photocatalysis-membrane reactor for 8 h UV radiation. The fabricated membrane has great potential in high-salty dyeing wastewater treatment due to its high hydrophobicity and photocatalytic capability.

Graphical abstract


Photocatalytic membranes TiO2 DCMD Dye waste water Concentration polarization Nanostructures Filtration 



This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. U1604137).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018
corrected publication March/2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Resources and Environmental ScienceHenan Institute of Science and TechnologyXinxiangChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Integrated Regulation and Resource Development on Shallow Lake of Ministry of Education, College of EnvironmentHohai UniversityNanjingChina
  3. 3.School of Environment, Key Laboratory for Yellow River and Huai River Water Environmental and Pollution Control, Ministry of Education, Henan Key Laboratory for Environmental Pollution ControlHenan Normal UniversityXinxiangChina

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