Gyroscopic behavior exhibited by the optical Kerr effect in bimetallic Au–Pt nanoparticles suspended in ethanol

  • D. Fernández-Valdés
  • C. Torres-Torres
  • C. L. Martínez-González
  • M. Trejo-Valdez
  • L. H. Hernández-Gómez
  • R. Torres-Martínez
Research Paper


The modification in the third-order nonlinear optical response exhibited by rotating bimetallic Au–Pt nanoparticles in an ethanol solution was analyzed. The samples were prepared by a sol–gel processing route. The anisotropy associated to the elemental composition of the nanoparticles was confirmed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy measurements. The size of the nanoparticles varies in the range from 9 to 13 nm, with an average size of 11 nm. Changes in the spatial orientation of the nanomaterials automatically generated a variation in their plasmonic response evaluated by UV–Vis spectroscopy. A two-wave mixing experiment was conducted to explore an induced birefringence at 532 nm wavelength with nanosecond pulses interacting with the samples. A strong optical Kerr effect was identified to be the main responsible effect for the third-order nonlinear optical phenomenon exhibited by the nanoparticles. It was estimated that the rotation of inhomogeneous nanostructures can provide a remarkable change in the participation of different surface plasmon resonances, if they correspond to multimetallic nanoparticles. Potential applications for developing low-dimensional gyroscopic systems can be contemplated.


Nonlinear optics Optical Kerr effect Two-wave mixing Bimetallic nanoparticles Colloids 

Graphical Abstract



The authors kindly acknowledge the financial support from Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, and Centro de Nanociencias y Micro-Nanotecnología del Instituto Politécnico Nacional.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no potential conflict of interest related to this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Fernández-Valdés
    • 1
  • C. Torres-Torres
    • 1
  • C. L. Martínez-González
    • 1
  • M. Trejo-Valdez
    • 2
  • L. H. Hernández-Gómez
    • 1
  • R. Torres-Martínez
    • 3
  1. 1.Sección de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación, Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica Unidad ZacatencoInstituto Politécnico NacionalMexicoMexico
  2. 2.Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Química e Industrias ExtractivasInstituto Politécnico NacionalMexicoMexico
  3. 3.Centro de Investigación en Ciencia Aplicada y Tecnología Avanzada Unidad QuerétaroInstituto Politécnico NacionalSantiago de QuerétaroMexico

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