Cobalt nanoparticles as recyclable catalyst for aerobic oxidation of alcohols in liquid phase
- 328 Downloads
Cobalt nanoparticles prepared at room temperature from cobalt sulphate and tetrabutyl ammonium bromide as surfactant have been found to be effective oxidation catalysts. Palladium and platinum nanoparticles (average size 4–6 nm) can also be prepared from PdCl2 and K2PtCl4, respectively, using the same surfactant but require high temperature (~120 °C) and much longer preparation time. Agglomeration of nanoparticles prepared from metals like palladium and platinum in common solvents, however, restricts their use as catalysts. It is therefore our endeavour to find the right combination of catalyst and solvent that will be beneficial from industrial point of view. Magnetic property measurement of cobalt nanoclusters was made using SQUID to identify their reusability nature. Herein, we report the use of cobalt nanoparticles (average size 90–95 nm) in dichloromethane solvent as effective reusable catalysts for aerobic oxidation of a variety of alcohols.
KeywordsCobalt Nanoparticles Oxidation Agglomeration Recyclability Magnetic properties
The authors are grateful to the University Grants Commission, New Delhi for providing financial support and scholarship to A.M. The authors are also grateful to Dr Sudipta Bandyopadhyay of CRNN for providing us the facility of SQUID and to Dr Nikhil Ranjan Jana, Scientist, Indian Association for Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, for XPS studies.
- Collier PJ, Iggo JA, Whyman R (1999) A review of modern transition metal nanoclusters. J Mol Catal A 145:44–55Google Scholar
- LeBras J, Mukherjee DK, Gongalez S, Moreno-Manas M, Pleixats F, Henin F, Muzart J (2004) Palladium nanoparticles obtained from palladium salts and tributylamine in molten tetrabutylammonium bromide: their use for hydrogenolysis free hydrogenation of olefins. New J Chem 12(28):1550–1554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lee JK, Kim DW, Cheong M, Lee H, Cho BW, Kim HS, Mukherjee DK (2011) Palladium nanoparticles suspended in an ionic liquid as reusable catalyst for alkyne semihydrogenation. Bull Korean Chem Soc 31:1–6Google Scholar
- Mukherjee DK (2003) Polymer supported palladium(II) complexes as hydrogenation catalysts. Indian J Chem 42B:346–352Google Scholar
- Mukherjee DK, Mondal A, Das A (2014) Alcohol, oxidation in ionic liquids catalysed by recyclable platinum nanoparticles: a green approach. J Catal Catal 1:1–10Google Scholar
- Sigman MS, Schultz MJ, Park CC (2002) A convenient palladium catalyzed aerobic oxidation of alcohols at room temperature. Chem Commun 24:3034–3035Google Scholar