Optimized spacer layer thickness for plasmonic-induced enhancement of photocurrent in a-Si:H
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Plasmonic interfaces consisting of silver nanoparticles of different sizes (50–100 nm) have been processed by the self-assembled dewetting technique and integrated to hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) using SiNx spacer layers to investigate the dependence of optical trapping enhancement on spacer layer thickness through the enhancements in photocurrent. Samples illuminated from the a-Si:H side exhibit a localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) that is red-shifted with the increasing particle size and broadened into the red with the increasing spacer layer thickness. The photocurrent measured in a-Si:H is not only consistent with the red-shift and broadening of the LSPR, but exhibits critical dependence on the spacer layer thickness also. The samples with plasmonic interfaces and a SiNx spacer layer exhibit appreciable enhancement of photocurrent compared with flat a-Si:H reference depending on the size of the Ag nanoparticle. Simulations conducted on one-dimensional square structures exhibit electric fields that are localized near the plasmonic structures but extend appreciably into the higher refractive index a-Si:H. These simulations produce a clear red-shift and broadening of extinction spectra for all spacer layer thicknesses and predict an enhancement in photocurrent in agreement with experimental results. The spectral dependence of photocurrent for six plasmonic interfaces with different Ag nanoparticle sizes and spacer layer thicknesses are correlated with the optical spectra and compared with the simulations to predict an optimal spacer layer thickness.
KeywordsSilver nanoparticles Dewetting Plasmonic resonance Light trapping Photocurrent Solar cells applications
R. T. acknowledges the support by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) under joint project with BMBF and Rainbow Energy, per the contract number 109R037. A. B. is grateful to The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) for their support under Grant numbers 113F239, 113F375, and 113M931. Z.M. Saleh acknowledges the support from the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) BIDEB-2221 program. H. Nasser acknowledges the support from the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) BIDEB-2215 program.
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