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Al/Fe isomorphic substitution versus Fe2O3 clusters formation in Fe-doped aluminosilicate nanotubes (imogolite)

  • Ehsan Shafia
  • Serena Esposito
  • Maela Manzoli
  • Mario Chiesa
  • Paola Tiberto
  • Gabriele Barrera
  • Gabriel Menard
  • Paolo Allia
  • Francesca S. Freyria
  • Edoardo Garrone
  • Barbara Bonelli
Research Paper

Abstract

Textural, magnetic and spectroscopic properties are reported of Fe-doped aluminosilicate nanotubes (NTs) of the imogolite type, IMO, with nominal composition (OH)3Al2−x Fe x O3SiOH (x = 0, 0.025, 0.050). Samples were obtained by either direct synthesis (Fe-0.025-IMO, Fe-0.050-IMO) or post-synthesis loading (Fe-L-IMO). The Fe content was either 1.4 wt% (both Fe-0.050-IMO and Fe-L-IMO) or 0.7 wt% (Fe-0.025-IMO). Textural properties were characterized by High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy, X-ray diffraction and N2 adsorption/desorption isotherms at 77 K. The presence of different iron species was studied by magnetic moment measurements and three spectroscopies: Mössbauer, UV–Vis and electron paramagnetic resonance, respectively. Fe3+/Al3+ isomorphic substitution (IS) at octahedral sites at the external surface of NTs is the main process occurring by direct synthesis at low Fe loadings, giving rise to the formation of isolated high-spin Fe3+ sites. Higher loadings give rise, besides IS, to the formation of Fe2O3 clusters. IS occurs up to a limit of Al/Fe atomic ratio of ca. 60 (corresponding to x = 0.032). A fraction of the magnetism related to NCs is pinned by the surface anisotropy; also, clusters are magnetically interacting with each other. Post-synthesis loading leads to a system rather close to that obtained by direct synthesis, involving both IS and cluster formations. Slightly larger clusters than with direct synthesis samples, however, are formed. The occurrence of IS indicates a facile cleavage/sealing of Al–O–Al bonds: this opens the possibility to exchange Al3+ ions in pre-formed IMO NTs, a much simpler procedure compared with direct synthesis.

Keywords

Aluminosilicate nanotubes Imogolite Isomorphic substitution High-spin Fe3+ sites Fe2O3 clusters Paramagnetism Band-gap Nanocomposites 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ehsan Shafia
    • 1
  • Serena Esposito
    • 2
  • Maela Manzoli
    • 3
  • Mario Chiesa
    • 3
  • Paola Tiberto
    • 4
  • Gabriele Barrera
    • 3
    • 4
  • Gabriel Menard
    • 5
  • Paolo Allia
    • 1
  • Francesca S. Freyria
    • 6
  • Edoardo Garrone
    • 1
  • Barbara Bonelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied Science and Technology and INSTM Unit of Torino-PolitecnicoPolitecnico di TorinoTurinItaly
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Mechanical EngineeringUniversità degli Studi di Cassino e del Lazio MeridionaleCassinoItaly
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Chimica and Centro Interdipartimentale NISUniversità di TorinoTurinItaly
  4. 4.Electromagnetism, I.N.Ri.M.TurinItaly
  5. 5.Department of Chemistry and Chemical BiologyHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA
  6. 6.Department of ChemistryMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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