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A simple synthesis of MnN0.43@C nanocomposite: characterization and application as battery material

  • Bettina Milke
  • Clemens Wall
  • Sarah Metzke
  • Guylhaine Clavel
  • Maximilian Fichtner
  • Cristina Giordano
Research Paper

Abstract

In the search of new materials for advanced batteries, manganese nitride is an appealing choice. However, in order to fully explore its potentiality, a suitable synthesis is the first mandatory step. In this contribution, nanosized manganese nitride covered by a graphitic shell has been prepared by a simple sol–gel-based process. Since graphite has a high thermal and chemical stability, it acts as stabilizing agent for the MnN0.43 nanoparticles. As a consequence, the particles do not oxidize for instance during the handling of the material and can be stored in air without special precautions. Furthermore, the graphitic shell makes the material more interesting for electrochemical applications, because graphite provides on the one hand an electrical conductivity, which is necessary for the function of active materials, and on the other hand also contributes to the Li storage capacity. The as-prepared nanocomposite was tested as anode material versus lithium metal as counter electrode, showing excellent cyclic stability, 230 mAh/g of capacity, and coulombic efficiencies close to 100 %. Since MnN0.43 possesses a theoretical capacity higher than commercial graphite and exhibits less polarization than several previously reported metal nitrides, it represents an attractive candidate as alternative/novel anode material. The method presented herein offers a simple route to prepare MnN0.43 nanoparticles encapsulated in carbon. The formation mechanism has been investigated, and the detailed characterization of the material before and after battery test (via XRD, HR-TEM, SAED, EELS) is discussed in the text.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Manganese nitride Urea Nanoparticles Conversion electrode materials Lithium batteries Energy storage 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors kindly thank the Fritz-Haber-Institute of the MPG for HR-TEM and EELS. Financial support by the Max Planck Society is gratefully acknowledged.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no competing financial interest.

Supplementary material

11051_2014_2795_MOESM1_ESM.doc (2.6 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 2697 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bettina Milke
    • 1
  • Clemens Wall
    • 2
    • 3
  • Sarah Metzke
    • 1
    • 4
  • Guylhaine Clavel
    • 1
  • Maximilian Fichtner
    • 2
    • 3
  • Cristina Giordano
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Colloid ChemistryMax-Planck-Institute of Colloids and InterfacesPotsdamGermany
  2. 2.Institute of NanotechnologyKarlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)Eggenstein-LeopoldshafenGermany
  3. 3.Helmholtz Institute Ulm (HIU)UlmGermany
  4. 4.Physikalische Chemie/Molekulare Materialwissenschaften, Institut für ChemieTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany

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