Magnetic nanoparticles supported imidazolium-based ionic liquids as nanocatalyst in microwave-mediated solvent-free Biginelli reaction
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The magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles supported imidazolium-based ionic liquids (MNPs–IILs), namely 1-methyl-3-(3-trimethoxysilylpropyl) imidazolium hydrogen sulfate (MNPs–IIL–HSO4), 1-methyl-3-(3-trimethoxysilylpropyl) imidazolium acetate (MNPs–IIL–OAc) and 1-methyl-3-(3-trimethoxysilylpropyl) imidazolium chloride (MNPs–IIL–Cl) were used as efficient new catalysts for the one-pot synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones under microwave irradiation and solvent-free conditions in excellent yields. Utilization of easy reaction conditions, catalyst with high catalytic activity and good reusability, and simple magnetically work-up, makes this green protocol as an interesting option for the economic synthesis of Biginelli compounds. Microwave technology as an eco-friendly green synthetic approach has gradually been used in this organic procedure. Combining the advantages of microwave irradiation and magnetically nanocatalyst, this method provides an efficient and much improved modification of the original Biginelli reaction. We believe that this procedure appears to have a broad scope with respect to variation in the 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones (thiones).
KeywordsBiginelli reaction Microwave irradiation Dihydropyrimidinone Magnetic nanoparticles Solvent-free Imidazolium ionic liquid Biological applications
We gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the Research Council of the University of Kashan for supporting this work by Grant No. 256722/35.
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