Tuning the electronic and optical properties of hydrogen-terminated Si nanocluster by uniaxial compression

  • Xue Jiang
  • Jijun Zhao
  • Xin Jiang
Research Paper


The structural, electronic, and optical properties of hydrogen-terminated Si nanocluster (Si66H64) with a diameter of 1.3 nm under uniaxial compression have been investigated by means of density functional theory calculations. The structural deformation of silicon nanoparticle under axial strain manifests as reduction of cluster symmetry, contraction of bond length, and broadening of bond angle distribution. Such strain-induced distortion modifies the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) eigenvalues, HOMO–LUMO gap, and isosurfaces of HOMO and LUMO wavefunctions, that is, the HOMO–LUMO gap diminishes as strain increases and isosurface of HOMO and LUMO wavefunctions redistributes along the strain orientation. Moreover, uniaxial compression has a strong influence on the optical absorption spectra of the Si66H64 cluster. With increasing strain, the onset of absorption spectra red shifts. Interestingly, the strain-tunable photoluminescence in Si nanoparticle (Si66H64) can cover a broad spectrum (i.e., from visible light to ultraviolet), implying an exciting possibility for optical devices.


Si quantum dot Uniaxial compression Electronic properties Optical absorption spectra 



This work was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (No. DUT10ZD211) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (11134005).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Laser, Ion and Electron Beams (Dalian University of Technology)Ministry of EducationDalianChina
  2. 2.College of Advanced Science and TechnologyDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina
  3. 3.School of Material Science and EngineeringDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina
  4. 4.Institute of Materials EngineeringUniversity of SiegenSiegenGermany

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