Metal-on-oxide nanoparticles produced using laser ablation of microparticle aerosols
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A continuous aerosol process has been studied for producing nanoparticles of oxides that were decorated with smaller metallic nanoparticles and are free of organic stabilizers. To produce the oxide carrier nanoparticles, an aerosol of 3–6 μm oxide particles was ablated using a pulsed excimer laser. The resulting oxide nanoparticle aerosol was then mixed with 1.5–2.0 μm metallic particles and this mixed aerosol was exposed to the laser for a second time. The metallic micron-sized particles were ablated during this second exposure, and the resulting nanoparticles deposited on the surface of the oxide nanoparticles producing an aerosol of 10–60 nm oxide nanoparticles that were decorated with smaller 1–5 nm metallic nanoparticles. The metal and oxide nanoparticle sizes were varied by changing the laser fluence and gas type in the aerosol. The flexibility of this approach was demonstrated by producing metal-decorated oxide nanoparticles using two oxides, SiO2 and TiO2, and two metals, Au and Ag.
KeywordsNanoparticle Gold Titania Multiconsituent Laser ablation Aerosols Synthesis
This work was supported by the National Science Foundation under CBET 0708779. The authors like to acknowledge helpful discussions with Dr. J.P. Zhou and useful technical help from Ms. Hoda Tabakoli.
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