Journal of Nanoparticle Research

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 2553–2561 | Cite as

Solution-combustion: the versatile route to synthesize silver nanoparticles

  • Poonam Sharma
  • Gurmeet Singh Lotey
  • Sukhpreet Singh
  • N. K. Verma
Research Paper


The solution-combustion synthesis (SCS) method was used to prepare silver nanoparticles using glycine and citric acid as fuels. The different combination of fuel to oxidant ratio was used to prepare Ag nanoparticles and its effect on optical spectra, structure and the morphology explored. The purposed method is rapid, effective, cheap and convenient. Silver nanoparticles with different sizes and shapes were synthesized depending upon the different oxidant/fuel ratios. The nanoparticles were characterized using transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and ultraviolet–visible absorption spectroscopy. Histograms were drawn to compare the mean particle size of synthesized nanoparticles. It was found that citric acid was better fuel as compared to glycine as it results in the more spherical symmetrical nanoparticles, which are supported by various characteristic studies.


Solution-combustion Silver nanoparticles Oxidant to fuel ratio Surface plasmon resonance 



One of the authors—Gurmeet Singh—gratefully acknowledges Department of Science and Technology, India for the INSPIRE fellowship enabling him to carry out this research work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Poonam Sharma
    • 1
  • Gurmeet Singh Lotey
    • 2
  • Sukhpreet Singh
    • 3
  • N. K. Verma
    • 2
  1. 1.Nanotechnology Research Centre, D.A.V Institute of Engineering and TechnologyJalandharIndia
  2. 2.Nano Research Lab, School of Physics and Materials ScienceThapar UniversityPatialaIndia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistrySinghania UniversityJhunjhunuIndia

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